Advertisement

The European Physical Journal D

, Volume 59, Issue 1, pp 121–131 | Cite as

Switching spatial dissipative solitons in a VCSEL with frequency selective feedback

  • N. RadwellEmail author
  • C. McIntyre
  • A. J. Scroggie
  • G. L. Oppo
  • W. J. Firth
  • T. Ackemann
Regular Article

Abstract

The process of switching on bistable spatial dissipative solitons in a VCSEL with frequency selective feedback is analyzed experimentally and theoretically. Two regimes of successful writing of spatial solitons with an external pulse are identified: for short durations of the writing beam pulse, the input amplitude has to increase, while for longer durations, the input amplitude can remain constant. Switch on spectrograms of the frequency spectrum show a transient dynamics over many modes of the external cavity with a drift of the central frequency from higher to lower frequency. Such a multi-mode regime is almost independent of the frequency of the writing beam. It is interpreted to be due to the existence of multiple unstable solitons with different frequencies which channel the transient dynamics. Good agreement between experimental results and numerical simulations in both the time and frequency domains is found.

Keywords

Soliton Pulse Length External Cavity Threshold Power Dissipative Soliton 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Y. Tanguy, T. Ackemann, R. Jäger, Opt. Express 15, 16773 (2007) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Y. Tanguy, T. Ackemann, W.J. Firth, R. Jäger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013907 (2008) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Y. Tanguy, N. Radwell, T. Ackemann, R. Jäger, Phys. Rev. A 78, 023810 (2008) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    P. Genevet, S. Barland, M. Giudici, J.R. Tredicce, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 123905 (2008) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    T. Elsass, K. Gauthron, G. Beaudoin, I. Sagnes, R. Kuszelewicz, S. Barbay, Appl. Phys. B. 98, 327 (2010) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    T. Ackemann, W.J. Firth, G.L. Oppo, Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 57, 323 (2009) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    W.J. Firth, C.O. Weiss, Opt. Photon. News 3, 54 (2002) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Dissipative solitons, Lecture Notes in Physics, edited by N. Akhmediev and A. Ankiewicz (Springer, New York, 2005), Vol. 661 Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Dissipative Solitons: From Optics to Biology and Medicine, Lecture Notes in Physics, edited by N. Akhmediev and A. Ankiewicz (Springer, New York, 2008), Vol. 751 Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    S. Barland, J.R. Tredicce, M. Brambilla, L.A. Lugiato, S. Balle, M. Giudici, T. Maggipinto, L. Spinelli, G. Tissoni, T. Knödl, M. Miller, R. Jäger, Nature 419, 699 (2002) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    V.B. Taranenko, C.O. Weiss, Appl. Phys. B 72, 893 (2001) ADSGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    S. Barbay et al., Opt. Lett. 31, 1504 (2006) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    T. Ackemann, N. Radwell, R. Jäger, IEEE Winter Topicals, Paper TuB2. 2. (2009) Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    IST-STREP 004868 Fundamentals, Functionalities and Applications of Cavity Solitons (FunFACS) (2005–2008) www.funfacs.org Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    S.V. Fedorov, G.V. Khodova, N.N. Rosanov, Proc. SPIE 1840, 208 (1991) ADSGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    V.Yu. Bazhenov, V.B. Taranenko, M.V. Vasnetsov, Proc. SPIE 1840, 183 (1991) ADSGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    V.B. Taranenko, K. Staliunas, C.O. Weiss, Phys. Rev. A 56, 1582 (1997) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    P.V. Paulau et al., Phys. Rev. E 75, 056208 (2007) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    P.V. Paulau et al., Phys. Rev. E 78, 016212 (2008) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    A.J. Scroggie, W.J. Firth, G.L. Oppo, Phys. Rev. A 80, 013829 (2009) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    P. Genevet, B. Barland, M. Giudici, J.R. Tredicce, Phys. Rev. A 79, 033819 (2009) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    A. Naumenko, N.A. Loiko, M. Sondermann, K.F. Jentsch, T. Ackemann, Opt. Commun. 259, 823 (2006) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    N. Radwell, T. Ackemann, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 1388 (2009) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Unlocking Dynamical Diversity: Optical Feedback Effects on Semiconductor Lasers, edited by D.M. Kane, K.A. Shore (Wiley, New York, 2005) Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    L. Spinelli et al., Phys. Rev. A 58, 2542 (1998) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    F. Pedaci, S. Barland, E. Caboche, P. Genevet, M. Giudici, J.R. Tredicce, T. Ackemann, A.J. Scroggie, W.J. Firth, G.L. Oppo, G. Tissoni, R. Jäger, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011101 (2008) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    M. Giudici, S. Balle, T. Ackemann, S. Barland, J.R. Tredicce, J. Opt. Soc. B 16, 2114 (1999) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    R. Lang, K. Kobayashi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 16, 347 (1980) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    B. Segard, J. Zemmouri, B. Macke, Opt. Commun. 63, 339 (1987) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    J.Y. Bigot, A. Daunois, P. Mandel, Phys. Lett. A 123, 123 (1987) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    F. Mitschke, C. Boden, W. Lange, P. Mandel, Opt. Commun. 71, 385 (1989) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    A. Schreiber, M. Kreuzer, B. Thüring, T. Tschudi, Opt. Commun. 136, 415 (1997) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    B. Schäpers, T. Ackemann, W. Lange, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 707 (2002) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    X. Hachair, L. Furfaro, J. Javaloyes, M. Giudici, S. Balle, J. Tredicce, G. Tissoni, L. Lugiato, T. Maggipinto, M. Brambilla, Phys. Rev. A. 72, 013815 (2005) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    K. Mahmoud Aghdami, F. Prati, P. Caccia, G. Tissoni, L.A. Lugiato, R. Kheradmand, H. Tajalli, Eur. Phys. J. D 47, 447 (2008) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    X. Hachair et al., IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 339 (2006) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    C. McIntyre, A.M. Yao, G.L. Oppo, F. Prati, G. Tissoni, Phys. Rev. A 81, 013838 (2010) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    A.J. Scroggie, J.M. McSloy, W.J. Firth, Phys. Rev. E 66, 036607 (2002) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    S. Barland, O. Piro, M. Giudici, J.R. Tredicce, S. Balle, Phys. Rev. E 68, 036209 (2003) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    L. Spinelli, G. Tissoni, L. Lugiato, M. Brambilla, Phys. Rev. A 66, 023817 (2002) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© EDP Sciences, SIF, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. Radwell
    • 1
    Email author
  • C. McIntyre
    • 1
  • A. J. Scroggie
    • 1
  • G. L. Oppo
    • 1
  • W. J. Firth
    • 1
  • T. Ackemann
    • 1
  1. 1.SUPA and Department of PhysicsUniversity of StrathclydeGlasgowUK

Personalised recommendations