The European Physical Journal D

, Volume 58, Issue 1, pp 69–73

Modification of radiation pressure due to cooperative scattering of light

  • Ph. W. Courteille
  • S. Bux
  • E. Lucioni
  • K. Lauber
  • T. Bienaimé
  • R. Kaiser
  • N. Piovella
Atomic Physics

Abstract

Cooperative spontaneous emission of a single photon from a cloud of N atoms modifies substantially the radiation pressure exerted by a far-detuned laser beam exciting the atoms. On one hand, the force induced by photon absorption depends on the collective decay rate of the excited atomic state. On the other hand, directional spontaneous emission counteracts the recoil induced by the absorption. We derive an analytical expression for the radiation pressure in steady-state. For a smooth extended atomic distribution we show that the radiation pressure depends on the atom number via cooperative scattering and that, for certain atom numbers, it can be suppressed or enhanced. Cooperative scattering of light by extended atomic clouds can become important in the presence of quasi-resonant light and could be addressed in many cold atoms experiments.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    R.H. Dicke, Phys. Rev. 93, 99 (1954)MATHCrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    L. You, M. Lewenstein, R.J. Glauber, J. Cooper, Phys. Rev. A 53 (1996)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    D. Porras, I. Cirac, Phys. Rev. A 78, 053816 (2008)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    J. Javanainen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 2375 (1994)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    J.M. Raimond, P. Goy, M. Gross, C. Fabre, S. Haroche, Phys. Rev. Lett. 49, 117 (1982)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    M.O. Scully, E.S. Fry, C.H.R. Ooi, K. Wódkiewicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 010501 (2006)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    M.O. Scully, A.A. Svidzinsky, Science 325, 1510 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    J.H. Eberly, J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 39, S599 (2006)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    R.J. Glauber, Proceedings of the XXI Int. Conf. on Atomic Physics, edited by R. Coté, P.L. Gould, M. Rozman, W.W. Smith (World Scientifics)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    A.A. Svidzinsky, J.-T. Chang, M.O. Scully, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 160504 (2008)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    V. Vuletic, S. Chu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3787 (2000)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    D. Kruse, Ch. von Cube, C. Zimmermann, Ph.W. Courteille, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 183601 (2003)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    I.H. Deutsch, R.J.C. Spreeuw, S.L. Rolston, W.D. Phillips, Phys. Rev. A 52, 1394 (1995)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    R. Bonifacio, L. De Salvo, Nucl. Instrum. Meth. 341, 360 (1994)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    S. Inouye et al., Science 285, 571 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    For a debate concerning the validity of the RWA in a regime, where collective Lamb-shifts may play a role, see R. Friedberg, J.T. Manassah, Phys. Lett. A 372, 2514 (2008)CrossRefMathSciNetADSGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    A.A. Svidzinsky, Jun-Tao Chang, Phys. Lett. A 372, 5732 (2008)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    R. Friedberg, J.T. Manassah, Phys. Lett. A 372, 5734 (2008)CrossRefMathSciNetADSGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    M.O. Scully, A.A. Svidzinsky, Phys. Lett. A 373, 1283 (2008)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    G. Labeyrie et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 223904 (2003)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    S.J. van Enk, Phys. Rev. A 72, 064306 (2005)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© EDP Sciences, SIF, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ph. W. Courteille
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • S. Bux
    • 1
    • 3
  • E. Lucioni
    • 3
    • 4
  • K. Lauber
    • 1
  • T. Bienaimé
    • 3
  • R. Kaiser
    • 3
  • N. Piovella
    • 4
  1. 1.Physikalisches Institut, Universität TübingenTübingenGermany
  2. 2.Instituto de Física de São Carlos, Universidade de São PauloSão CarlosBrazil
  3. 3.Institut Non Linéaire de Nice, CNRS and Université de Nice Sophia-AntipolisValbonneFrance
  4. 4.Dipartimento di FisicaUniversità Degli Studi di MilanoMilanoItaly

Personalised recommendations