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The European Physical Journal D

, Volume 60, Issue 1, pp 51–58 | Cite as

Plasmid DNA damage by heavy ions at spread-out Bragg peak energies

  • H. M. DangEmail author
  • M. J. van Goethem
  • E. R. van der Graaf
  • S. Brandenburg
  • R. Hoekstra
  • T. SchlathölterEmail author
Topical issue on Molecular level assessments of radiation biodamage

Abstract

Interaction of ionizing radiation with plasmid DNA can lead to formation of single strand breaks, double strand breaks and clustered lesions. We have investigated the response of the synthetic plasmid pBR322 in aqueous solution upon irradiation with 12C ions under spread-out Bragg peak conditions (densely ionizing) and with 137Cs γ-photons (sparsely ionizing) as a function of dose. To evaluate the relevance of indirect effects, i.e. influences of diffusion limited radical induced DNA damage triggered by water radiolysis, the experiments were performed at various concentrations of the radical scavenger mannitol. Agarose gel electrophoresis was employed to quantify the DNA damage. At low scavenger concentration for a given dose DNA damage is higher for γ-photons than for 12C. For the latter, the microscopic dose distribution is inhomogeneous, with very high dose deposited along the few tracks through the solution. This is in agreement with the concept that scavengers efficiently reduce damage for γ-photons, implying that the underlying damage mechanism is single strand break induction by OH radicals. For 12C induced damage, the fraction of SSB and DSB that is unaffected by radical scavengers and thus due to direct effect is quantified.

Keywords

Linear Energy Transfer Single Strand Break Open Circular Supercoiled Plasmid Mannitol Concentration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© EDP Sciences, SIF, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. M. Dang
    • 1
    Email author
  • M. J. van Goethem
    • 1
  • E. R. van der Graaf
    • 1
  • S. Brandenburg
    • 1
  • R. Hoekstra
    • 1
  • T. Schlathölter
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.KVI, University of GroningenGroningenThe Netherlands

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