The European Physical Journal D

, Volume 54, Issue 2, pp 433–437 | Cite as

Surface energy evaluation of unhydrogenated DLC thin film deposited by thermionic vacuum arc (TVA) method

  • R. VladoiuEmail author
  • V. Dinca
  • G. Musa
Topical issue: 23rd Symposium on Plasma Physics and Technology


The aim of this paper is concerned with the surface energy evaluation by contact angle measurements of DLC films deposited by thermionic vacuum arc (TVA) on different substrates: glass plate, zinc foil, stainless steel and alumina foil. TVA is an original method based on a combination of the evaporation by electron bombardment and anodic arc. The evaluation of the surface free energy has been carried out by surface energy evaluation system (SEE System). The influence of the experimental conditions is also investigated.


52.80.Vp Discharge in vacuum 52.40.Hf Plasma-material interactions; boundary layer effects 52.77.Dq Plasma-based ion implantation and deposition 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. J. Robertson, Diam. Rel. Mater. 2, 984 (1993) Google Scholar
  2. T. Ishiguro, K. Esaki, Y. Hirishima, Appl. Surf. Sci. 553, 127 (1998) Google Scholar
  3. S. Ainsenberg, F. Kimock, Mate. Sci. Forum, Trans. Tech. Switzerland 5253, 1 (1990) Google Scholar
  4. D.O. Njobuenwu, E.O. Oboho, R.H. Gumus, Leonardo Electron. J. Practice Technol. 6, 29 (2007) Google Scholar
  5. E.G. Shafrin, W.A. Zisman, J. Phys. Chem. 64, 519 (1960) Google Scholar
  6. C.C. Dupont-Gillain, Y. Adriaensen, S. Derclaye, P.G. Rouxhet, Langmuir 16, 8194 (2000) Google Scholar
  7. C.C. Dupont-Gillain, B. Nysten, V. Hlady, P.G. Rouxhet, J. Coll. Interf. Sci. 220, 163 (1999) Google Scholar
  8. S. Wild, L.L. Kesmodel, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 19, 856 (2001) Google Scholar
  9. H. Yu, X.-C. He, L.-Q. Liu, J.-S. Gu, X.-W. Wei, Plasma Process. Polym. 5, 84 (2008) Google Scholar
  10. E.D. Yldirim, H. Ayan, V.N. Vasilets, A. Fridman, S. Guceri, W. Sun, Plasma Process. Polym. 5, 58 (2008) Google Scholar
  11. M. Haidopoulos, M. Horgnies, F. Mirabella, J.J. Pireaux, Plasma Process. Polym. 5, 67 (2008) Google Scholar
  12. C. Mathew Mate, Tribology on the small scale–a bottom up approach to friction, lubrication and wear (Oxford University Press, 2008) Google Scholar
  13. Q. Yang, Z.-K. Xu, Z.-W. Dai, J.-L. Wang, M. Ulbricht, Chem. Mater. 17, 3050 (2005) Google Scholar
  14. R. Vladoiu, V. Ciupina, C.P. Lungu, V. Bursikova, G. Musa, J. Optoel. Adv. Mater. 8, 71 (2006) Google Scholar
  15. R. Vladoiu, G. Musa, I. Mustata, J. Optoel. Adv. Mater. 5, 325 (2003) Google Scholar
  16. G. Musa, I. Mustata, V. Ciupina, R. Vlădoiu, G. Prodan, E. Vasile, H. Ehrich, Diam. Relat. Mater. 13, 1398 (2004) Google Scholar
  17. C. Surdu-Bob, I. Mustata, C. Iacob, J. Optoel. Adv. Mater. 9, 2932 (2007) Google Scholar
  18. G. Musa, I. Mustata, M. Blideran, V. Ciupina, R. Vladoiu, G. Prodan, E. Vasile, H. Ehrich, Acta Phys. Slovaca 55, 417 (2005) Google Scholar
  19. M. Gindl, G. Sinn, W. Gindl, A. Reiterer, S. Tschegg, Colloid. Surf. A Phys. Engin. Aspects 181, 279 (2001) Google Scholar
  20. P.J. Martin, Thin Solid Films 394, 1 (2001) Google Scholar
  21. U. Helmersson et al., Thin Solid Films 513, 1 (2006) Google Scholar
  22. T. Dikic, W. Ming, P.C. Thune, R.A.T.M. Van Benthem, G. De With, J. Polym. Sci. 46, 218 (2008) Google Scholar
  23. T. Young, Phil. Trans. R. Soc. London 9, 255 (1805) Google Scholar
  24. Z. Navratil, V. Bursikova, P. Stahel, M. Sira, P. Zverina, Czech. J. Phys. Suppl. C 54, 877 (2004) Google Scholar
  25. V. Bursikova, P. St’ahel, Z. Navratil, J. Bursik, J. Janca, Surface energy evaluation of plasma treated materials by contact angle measurement (Masaryk University Brno, 2004) Google Scholar
  26. F.M. Fowkes, Physicochemical Aspects of Polymer Surfaces, edited by. K.L. Mittal (Plenum Press, New York, 1983), Vol. 2 Google Scholar
  27. T. Li-Qin, W. Yue-Yan, Y. Lu, J. US-China Medical Sci. USA 4, 43 (2007) Google Scholar
  28. J.H. Wu, C. Mate, Langmuir 14, 4929 (1998) Google Scholar
  29. K. Henning, U. Eichhorrn, K. Staudinger, M. Sahre, M. Rogalli, A. Stamm, W. Neumann, K. Grunndlke, Langmuir 20, 6685 (2004) Google Scholar
  30. R. Crone, R.R. Dagastine, L.R. White, P.M. Jones, Y.T. Hsia, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 509 (2006) Google Scholar
  31. J. Brant, A. Childress, J. Membr. Sci. 203, 257 (2002) Google Scholar
  32. M.A. Lopes, F.J. Monteiro, J.D. Santos, A.P. Serro, B. Saramago, J. Biomed. Mater. Res. 45, 370 (1999) Google Scholar

Copyright information

© EDP Sciences, SIF, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsOvidius UniversityConstantaRomania

Personalised recommendations