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The European Physical Journal D

, Volume 48, Issue 3, pp 459–463 | Cite as

Optimization of the wave front of high order harmonics

  • J. GautierEmail author
  • P. Zeitoun
  • C. Hauri
  • A.-S. Morlens
  • G. Rey
  • C. Valentin
  • E. Papalarazou
  • J.-P. Goddet
  • S. Sebban
  • F. Burgy
  • P. Mercère
  • M. Idir
  • G. Dovillaire
  • X. Levecq
  • S. Bucourt
  • M. Fajardo
  • H. Merdji
  • J.-P. Caumes
Ultraintense and Ultrashort Laser Fields

Abstract.

We present a full optimization of the high harmonics wave front owing to the use of a soft X-ray Hartmann sensor. The sensor was calibrated using a high harmonic source with an accuracy of λ/50 root-mean-square (rms) with λ around 30 nm. We observed a high harmonic wave front of λ/7 rms, which is two times the diffraction-limit, astigmatism being the dominant aberration for every condition of generation. By clipping slightly the unfocused high harmonic beam, it is possible to produce a diffraction-limited beam containing approximately 90% of the incident energy.

PACS.

42.15.Dp Wave fronts and ray tracing 07.85.Fv X- and gamma-ray sources, mirrors, gratings, and detectors 

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Copyright information

© EDP Sciences/Società Italiana di Fisica/Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Gautier
    • 1
    Email author
  • P. Zeitoun
    • 1
  • C. Hauri
    • 1
  • A.-S. Morlens
    • 1
  • G. Rey
    • 1
  • C. Valentin
    • 1
  • E. Papalarazou
    • 1
  • J.-P. Goddet
    • 1
  • S. Sebban
    • 1
  • F. Burgy
    • 1
  • P. Mercère
    • 2
  • M. Idir
    • 2
  • G. Dovillaire
    • 3
  • X. Levecq
    • 3
  • S. Bucourt
    • 3
  • M. Fajardo
    • 4
  • H. Merdji
    • 5
  • J.-P. Caumes
    • 5
  1. 1.Laboratoire d'Optique Appliquée, École Nationale Supérieure de Technique Avancées, École Polytechnique, CNRS UMR7639Palaiseau CedexFrance
  2. 2.Synchrotron SOLEILGif-sur-Yvette CedexFrance
  3. 3.Imagine Optic, 18 rue Charles de GaulleOrsayFrance
  4. 4.Instituto de Plasmas e Fusão Nuclear, Instituto Superior TécnicoLisboaPortugal
  5. 5.Commissariat à l'Énergie Atomique, Service des Photons, Atomes et Molécules, Bâtiment 522, Centre d'Étude de SaclayGif-sur-YvetteFrance

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