Electron beams with particle energy of ~10 keV were sent through 300 nm thick ceramic (Si3N4 + SiO2) foils and the resulting electron energy distribution functions were recorded using a retarding grid technique. The results are compared with Monte Carlo simulations performed with two publicly available packages, Geant4 and Casino v2.42. It is demonstrated that Geant4, unlike Casino, provides electron energy distribution functions very similar to the experimental distributions. Both simulation packages provide a quite precise average energy of transmitted electrons: we demonstrate that the maximum uncertainty of the calculated values of the average energy is 6% for Geant4 and 8% for Casino, taking into account all systematic uncertainties and the discrepancies in the experimental and simulated data.
52.65.Pp Monte Carlo methods 52.70.Nc Particle measurements 29.30.Dn Electron spectroscopy
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