Velocity selective optical pumping and repumping effects with counter and copropagating laser radiations for D2 lines of rubidium
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The effects of a strong control or pump laser, counter propagating or copropagating with the probe beam, on the probe absorption spectra of 85Rb and 87Rb-D2 transitions have been investigated inside a room temperature Rb vapour cell. In both cases a set of strong velocity selective resonance dips are observed at different velocities. Their movements across the Doppler broadened probe absorption profile have been studied for different lock frequencies of the control laser. These spectra are modified by optical pumping effects due to the presence of another hyperfine component of the ground state. A repumping laser, from the dark hyperfine component of the ground level transfers almost 75% of the atoms from the dark state to the pump probe cycle hence reducing the optical pumping effect. A numerical simulation is done to explain the observed spectra. The effect of a control laser on the Lamb dip spectrum of the probe laser has also been investigated. The control beam is used to improve the strength of a weak hyperfine dip on the Doppler broadened probe spectrum. The strength of the hyperfine dip increases by a factor of 3.2 in presence of the control laser. The observed dips show that pump-probe spectroscopy can be used as velocity selectors of atoms.
PACS.32.80.Bx Level crossing and optical pumping 32.70.-n Intensities and shapes of atomic spectral lines 32.10.Fn Fine and hyperfine structure
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