The European Physical Journal D

, Volume 42, Issue 2, pp 269–272 | Cite as

Multifaceted asymmetric radiation from the edge along improved confinement mode in LHCD plasmas with graphite limiters on HT-7 tokamak

  • M. AsifEmail author
  • the HT-7 team
Plasma Physics


Multifaceted asymmetric radiation from the edge (MARFE) phenomena during lower hybrid current drive (LHCD) Experiments on the HT-7 superconducting tokamak are summarized in this paper. The best correlation has been found between the total input (ohmic + LHCD) power and the product of the edge line average density and Z eff. Studies show that the critical density of MARFE onset is observed in the region of Z eff 1/2fGW = 0.6-0.9, where \(f_{GW} ={\bar {n}_e }/{n_{GW}}\), (here \(\bar {n}_e\) is the maximum line average electron density and nGW is the Greenwald density). These MARFEs generally appear to have the same characteristics as high fGW MARFEs and are positionally stable throughout the LHCD pulse. Improved confinement mode induced by a MARFE is observed, and it is maintained for about 65 ms. MARFE cools the plasma edge, and the electron density profile is observed to become more narrow and peaked.


52.55.Fa Tokamaks, spherical tokamaks 52.40.Hf Plasma-material interactions; boundary layer effects 


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Copyright information

© EDP Sciences/Società Italiana di Fisica/Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of SciencesAnhuiP.R. China
  2. 2.Directorate of Plasmas and Fusion, Pakistan Institute of Nuclear Science and TechnologyIslamabadPakistan

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