Three-dimensional growth characteristics of antimony aggregates on graphite

  • S. A. Scott
  • S. A. BrownEmail author
Clusters and Nanostructures


The growth of antimony aggregates on the basal plane of graphite via diffusion and aggregation of Sb4 clusters has been investigated with scanning electron microscopy, and in 3-dimensions with atomic force microscopy. The aggregate morphologies depend critically on the deposition conditions. It is shown that a transition from compact to branched morphologies with increasing aggregate size, depends on the particle flux. Also, the aggregate heights are strongly influenced by flux, with higher fluxes producing flatter aggregates. The heights of individual island branches are also shown to depend on the local diffusion field.


68.43.Jk Diffusion of adsorbates, kinetics of coarsening and aggregation 61.46.-w Nanoscale materials 81.16.Dn Self-assembly 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Z. Zhang, M. Lagally, Science 276, 377 (1997) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Metal Clusters at Surfaces, edited by K.-H. Meiwes-Broer (Springer, Berlin, 2000) Google Scholar
  3. B. Yoon, V. Akulin, P. Cahuzac, F. Carlier, M. de Frutos, A. Masson, C. Mory, C. Colliex, C. Bréchignac, Surf. Sci. 443, 76 (1999) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. J. Le Roux, Ph.D. thesis, Université Paris-Sud, 2002 Google Scholar
  5. B. Kaiser, B. Stegemann, H. Kaukel, K. Rademann, Surf. Sci. 496, L18 (2002) Google Scholar
  6. B. Stegemann, C. Ritter, B. Kaiser, K. Rademann, J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 14292 (2004) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. J. Mühlbach, P. Pfau, E. Recknagel, K. Sattler, Surf. Sci. 106, 18 (1981) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. M. Volmer, A. Weber, Z. Phys. Chem 119, 277 (1926) Google Scholar
  9. W. Mullins, R. Sekerka, J. Appl. Phys. 34, 323 (1963) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. E. Sharon, M. Moore, W. McCormick, H. Swinney, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 205504 (2003) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  11. R. Hwang, J. Schroder, C. Gunther, R. Behm, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 3279 (1991) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  12. M. Conti, B. Meerson, P. Sasorov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4693 (1998) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  13. C. Bréchignac, P. Cahuzac, F. Carlier, C. Colliex, M. de Frutos, N. Kebaili, J. Le Roux, A. Masson, B. Yoon, Eur. Phys. J. D 16, 265 (2001) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  14. P. Mulheran, J. Blackman, Philos. Mag. Lett. 72, 55 (1995) Google Scholar

Copyright information

© EDP Sciences/Società Italiana di Fisica/Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of CanterburyThe MacDiarmid Institute for Advanced Materials and NanotechnologyChristchurchNew Zealand

Personalised recommendations