Two-step laser optogalvanic spectroscopy of the odd-parity Rydberg states of atomic mercury

  • M. A. Zia
  • M. A. BaigEmail author


We present new experimental data on the highly excited levels in mercury using the two-step laser excitation and optogalvanic detection technique in conjunction with a RF discharge cell. The 6s7s 3S1 intermediate level has been accessed from the 6s6p 3P2 metastable level that is collisionally populated in the mercury discharge in the presence of a buffer gas at a pressure of about 1 Torr. Two beams fromtwo different dye lasers pumped with a common excimer laser were passed through the discharge cell containing mercury vapors. The first laser was tuned to 6s7s 3S1 level whereas the second laser was scanned covering the wavelength region between 544-458 nm. We have observed the 6snp 3P0 (\(10\le n\le 18\)), 6snp \(^{3}{\rm P}_{1}\)(\(10 \le n \le 41\)), 6snp \(^{3}{\rm P}_{2}\) (\(10 \le n \le 70\)) and 6snp \(^{1}{\rm P}_{1} (10 \le n \le 42\)) Rydberg series. The 6snp \(^{3}{\rm P}_{2}\) Rydberg series to such high n-value has been reported for the first time. The first ionization potential of mercury is determined from the 6snp \(^{3}{\rm P}_{2}\) Rydberg series as 84184.15\(\pm \)0.05 cm-1. Some collisionally induced parity forbidden transitions have also been located that are identified as 6sns \(^{1}{\rm S}_{0}\) (\(40 \le n \le 58\)) series.


Mercury Rydberg State Hollow Cathode Lamp Mercury Atom Rydberg Series 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    J.E.M. Goldsmith, J.E. Lawler, Contemp. Phys. 22, 235 (1981)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    B. Barbieri, N. Beverini, A. Sasso, Rev. Mod. Phys. 62, 603 (1990)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    T.F. Gallagher, Rydberg Atoms (Cambridge Univ. Press, 1994)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    J.P. Connerade, Highly Excited Atoms (Cambridge Univ. Press, 1998)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    W. Demtroeder, Laser Spectroscopy (Springer Verlag, 1998)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    P. van de Weijer, R.M.M. Cremers, Opt. Commun. 53, 109 (1985)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    P. van de Weijer, R.M.M. Cremers, J. Appl. Phys. 57, 672 (1985)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    J. Kramer, J. Appl. Phys. 64, 1758 (1988)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    W.H. Richardson, L. Maleki, E. Gamire, Phys. Rev. A 36, 5713 (1987)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    E.C. Benck, J.E. Lawler, J.T. Dakin, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 11 (1989)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    L. Sarger, E. Freysz, B. Couillaud, A. Ducasse, Opt. Commun. 61, 26 (1987)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    N. Bras, J.C. Jeannet, D. Perrin, J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 26, 2289 (1993)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    M.A. Baig, J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Phys. 16, 1511 (1983)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    A.T. Tursunov, N.B. Eshkobilov, A.T. Khalmanov, Opt. Spectr. 68, 294 (1990)ADSGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    A.K. Kasimov, A.T. Tursunov, O. Tukhlibaev, R.M. Ayupov, Opt. Spectr. 84, 12 (1998)ADSGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    C. Tai, F.W. Dalby, Can. J. Phys. 55, 434 (1977)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    M.A. Baig, R. Ali, S.A. Bhatti, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 14, 731 (1997)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    R.D. May, P.H. May, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 57, 2242 (1986)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    G.R. Harrison, Wavelength Tables (The M.I.T. Press, Cambridge, 1982)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    A.A. Radzig, B.M. Smirnov, Reference Data on Atoms, Molecules, and Ions (Springer Verlag, Berlin, 1985)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    P. Dyer, G.C. Baldwin, C. Kittrell, G. Dan, E. Abramson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 311 (1983)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    C.E. Moore, Atomic Energy Levels (NSRDS-NBS 35, Washington, D.C., 1971), Vol. IIIGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    H.G. Kuhn, Atomic Spectra (Longman, London, 1971)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    B. Edlen, Handbook of Physics (Springer, Berlin, 1984), Vol. 27, p. 81Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    W.R.S. Garton, J.P. Connerade, Astrophys. J. 155, 667 (1969)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    J. Zhang, K.T. Lu, J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Phys. 20, 5065 (1987)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    B.N. Ganguly, J. Appl. Phys. 60, 571 (1986)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    H.E. White, Introduction to Atomic Spectra (McGraw Hill, 1986)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin/Heidelberg 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Atomic and Molecular Physics LaboratoryQuaid-i-Azam UniversityIslamabadPakistan
  2. 2.Optics LaboratoryIslamabadPakistan

Personalised recommendations