Doppler-free spectroscopy in driven three-level systems

  • U. D. Rapol
  • V. NatarajanEmail author


We demonstrate two techniques for studying the features of three-level systems driven by two lasers (called control and probe), when the transitions are Doppler broadened as in room-temperature vapor. For \(\Lambda\)-type systems, the probe laser is split to produce a counter-propagating pump beam that saturates the transition for the zero-velocity atoms. Probe transmission then shows Doppler-free peaks which can even have sub-natural linewidth. For V-type systems, the transmission of the control beam is detected as the probe laser is scanned. The signal shows Doppler-free peaks when the probe laser is resonant with transitions for the zero-velocity group. Both techniques greatly simplify the study of three-level systems since theoretical predictions can be directly compared without complications from Doppler broadening and the presence of multiple hyperfine levels in the spectrum.


Pump Beam Rabi Frequency Probe Laser Control Beam Doppler Width 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin/Heidelberg 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsIndian Institute of ScienceBangaloreIndia

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