Matrix embedded cobalt-carbon nano-cluster magnets: behavior as room temperature single domain magnets
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A new type of Co-C nanoparticles is synthesized from CH2Cl2 solution of Co4(CO)1 2 by heating up to 210 °C in a closed vessel. Transmission electron microscope (TEM) and electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS) observation show that the particles are embedded in amorphous carbon and their average size is 12 nm. The radial structure function obtained from the extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) of the Co K-edge absorption of the Co-C nanoparticles provides a Co-C average distance of 2.08 Å and the Co-Co distances of 3.18 Å and 3.9 (±0.2) Å. The particles exhibit the magnetic hysteresis curve with a coercive force of 200 Oe at 20 K and 260 Oe at 300 K. The temperature dependence of the magnetic susceptibility measured under zero-field cooling and 10 Oe field cooling conditions exhibits the behavior characteristic of a set of single magnetic domain nanomagnets in an amorphous carbon matrix.
PACS.36.40.-c Atomic and molecular clusters 36.40.Cg Electronic and magnetic properties of clusters 36.40.Mr Spectroscopy and geometrical structure of clusters 75.50.Tt Fine-particle systems; nanocrystalline materials
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