Measurement of the energy dependence of hadronic jet rates and the strong coupling \(\alpha_s\) from the four-jet rate with the DELPHI detector at LEP

  • The DELPHI Collaboration
experimental physics

Abstract.

Hadronic events from the data collected with the DELPHI detector at LEP within the energy range from 89 Gev to 209 Gev are selected, their jet rates are determined and compared to predictions of four different event generators. One of them is the recently developed APACIC + + generator which performs a massive matrix element calculation matched to a parton shower followed by string fragmentation. The four-jet rate is used to measure \(\alpha_s\) in the next-to-leading-order approximation yielding \({\alpha_s(M_Z^2)} = 0.1175 \pm 0.0030. \) The running of \(\alpha_s\) determined by using four-jet events has been tested. The logarithmic energy slope is measured to be \( \frac{{\mathrm{d}}\alpha_s^{-1}}{{\mathrm{d}} \log E_{\mathrm {cm}}} = 1.14 \pm 0.36. \) Since the analysis is based on four-jet final states it represents an alternative approach to previous DELPHI \(\alpha_s\) measurements using event shape distributions.

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin/Heidelberg 2005

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  • The DELPHI Collaboration

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