Conditions for confinement and freeze-out

  • V. Magas
  • H. Satz
theoretical physics


Matter implies the existence of a large-scale connected cluster of a uniform nature. The appearance of such clusters as a function of hadron density is specified by percolation theory. We can therefore formulate the freeze-out of interacting hadronic matter in terms of the percolation of hadronic clusters. The resulting freeze-out condition as a function of temperature and baryo-chemical potential interpolates between resonance gas behavior at low baryon density and repulsive nucleonic matter at low temperature, and it agrees well with the data.


Percolation Theory Baryon Density Hadronic Matter Connected Cluster Uniform Nature 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin/Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. Magas
    • 1
  • H. Satz
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Instituto Superior TécnicoCentro de Fisíca das Interacções Fundamentais (CFIF)LisbonPortugal
  2. 2.Fakultät fur PhysikUniversität BielefeldBielefeldGermany

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