Model-independent extraction of |Vtq| matrix elements from top-quark measurements at hadron colliders

  • H. Lacker
  • A. Menzel
  • F. Spettel
  • D. Hirschbühl
  • J. Lück
  • F. Maltoni
  • W. Wagner
  • M. Zaro
Regular Article - Theoretical Physics

Abstract

Current methods to extract the quark-mixing matrix element |Vtb| from single-top-production measurements assume that |Vtb|≫|Vtd|,|Vts|: top quarks decay into b quarks with 100 % branching fraction, s-channel single-top production is always accompanied by a b quark and initial-state contributions from d and s quarks in the t-channel production of single top quarks are neglected. Triggered by a recent measurement of the ratio \(R=\frac{|V_{tb}|^{2}}{|V_{td}|^{2}+|V_{ts}|^{2}+|V_{tb}|^{2}}=0.90 \pm 0.04\) performed by the D0 collaboration, we consider a |Vtb| extraction method that takes into account non zero d- and s-quark contributions both in production and decay. We propose a strategy that allows to extract consistently and in a model-independent way the quark-mixing matrix elements |Vtd|, |Vts|, and |Vtb| from the measurement of R and from single-top measured event yields. As an illustration, we apply our method to the Tevatron data using a CDF analysis of the measured single-top event yield with two jets in the final state, one of which is identified as a b-quark jet. We constrain the |Vtq| matrix elements within a four-generation scenario by combining the results with those obtained from direct measurements in flavor physics and determine the preferred range for the top-quark decay width within different scenarios.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag / Società Italiana di Fisica 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Lacker
    • 1
  • A. Menzel
    • 1
  • F. Spettel
    • 1
  • D. Hirschbühl
    • 2
  • J. Lück
    • 3
  • F. Maltoni
    • 4
  • W. Wagner
    • 2
  • M. Zaro
    • 4
  1. 1.Institut für PhysikHumboldt-Universität zu BerlinBerlinGermany
  2. 2.Fachbereich C—Experimentelle ElementarteilchenphysikBergische Universität WuppertalWuppertalGermany
  3. 3.Institut für Experimentelle KernphysikKarlsruhe Institute of TechnologyKarlsruheGermany
  4. 4.Centre for Cosmology, Particle Physics and Phenomenology (CP3)Université Catholique de LouvainLouvain-la-NeuveBelgium

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