Thermodynamics inducing massive particles’ tunneling and cosmic censorship
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By calculating the change of entropy, we prove that the first law of black hole thermodynamics leads to the tunneling probability of massive particles through the horizon, including the tunneling probability of massive charged particles from the Reissner–Nordström black hole and the Kerr–Newman black hole. Novelly, we find the trajectories of massive particles are close to that of massless particles near the horizon, although the trajectories of massive charged particles may be affected by electromagnetic forces. We show that Hawking radiation as massive particles tunneling does not lead to violation of the weak cosmic-censorship conjecture.
KeywordsBlack Hole Angular Momentum Event Horizon Massive Particle Surface Gravity
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