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The European Physical Journal C

, Volume 51, Issue 4, pp 787–824 | Cite as

Measurement of the production of charged pions by protons on a tantalum target

  • M.G. Catanesi
  • E. Radicioni
  • R. Edgecock
  • M. Ellis
  • S. Robbins
  • F.J.P. Soler
  • C. Gößling
  • S. Bunyatov
  • A. Krasnoperov
  • B. Popov
  • V. Serdiouk
  • V. Tereschenko
  • E. Di Capua
  • G. Vidal-Sitjes
  • P. Arce
  • A. Artamonov
  • S. Giani
  • S. Gilardoni
  • P. Gorbunov
  • A. Grant
  • A. Grossheim
  • P. Gruber
  • V. Ivanchenko
  • A. Kayis-Topaksu
  • J. Panman
  • I. Papadopoulos
  • J. Pasternak
  • E. Tcherniaev
  • I. Tsukerman
  • R. Veenhof
  • C. Wiebusch
  • P. Zucchelli
  • A. Blondel
  • S. Borghi
  • M. Campanelli
  • M.C. Morone
  • G. Prior
  • R. Schroeter
  • R. Engel
  • C. Meurer
  • I. Kato
  • U. Gastaldi
  • G.B. Mills
  • J.S. Graulich
  • G. Grégoire
  • M. Kirsanov
  • M. Bonesini
  • F. Ferri
  • M. Paganoni
  • F. Paleari
  • A. Bagulya
  • V. Grichine
  • N. Polukhina
  • V. Palladino
  • L. Coney
  • D. Schmitz
  • G. Barr
  • A. De Santo
  • C. Pattison
  • K. Zuber
  • F. Bobisut
  • D. Gibin
  • A. Guglielmi
  • M. Mezzetto
  • J. Dumarchez
  • F. Vannucci
  • U. Dore
  • D. Orestano
  • F. Pastore
  • A. Tonazzo
  • L. Tortora
  • C. Booth
  • C. Buttar
  • P. Hodgson
  • L. Howlett
  • M. Bogomilov
  • M. Chizhov
  • D. Kolev
  • R. Tsenov
  • S. Piperov
  • P. Temnikov
  • M. Apollonio
  • P. Chimenti
  • G. Giannini
  • G. Santin
  • J. Burguet-Castell
  • A. Cervera-Villanueva
  • J.J. Gómez-CadenasEmail author
  • J. Martín-Albo
  • P. Novella
  • M. Sorel
  • A. Tornero
  • The HARP Collaboration
Regular Article - Experimental Physics

Abstract

A measurement of the double-differential cross-section for the production of charged pions in proton–tantalum collisions emitted at large angles from the incoming beam direction is presented. The data were taken in 2002 with the HARP detector in the T9 beam line of the CERN PS. The pions were produced by proton beams in a momentum range from 3 GeV/c to 12 GeV/c hitting a tantalum target with a thickness of 5% of a nuclear interaction length. The angular and momentum range covered by the experiment (100 MeV/c ≤p< 800 MeV/c and 0.35 rad ≤θ< 2.15 rad) is of particular importance for the design of a neutrino factory. The produced particles were detected using a small-radius cylindrical time projection chamber (TPC) placed in a solenoidal magnet. Track recognition, momentum determination and particle identification were all performed based on the measurements made with the TPC. An elaborate system of detectors in the beam line ensured the identification of the incident particles. Results are shown for the double-differential cross-sections d2σ/dpdθ at four incident proton beam momenta (3 GeV/c, 5 GeV/c, 8 GeV/c and 12 GeV/c). In addition, the pion yields within the acceptance of typical neutrino factory designs are shown as a function of beam momentum. The measurement of these yields within a single experiment eliminates most systematic errors in the comparison between rates at different beam momenta and between positive and negative pion production.

Keywords

Monte Carlo Beam Particle Charged Pion Time Projection Chamber Beam Momentum 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag / Società Italiana di Fisica 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • M.G. Catanesi
    • 1
  • E. Radicioni
    • 1
  • R. Edgecock
    • 2
  • M. Ellis
    • 2
    • 28
  • S. Robbins
    • 2
    • 29
  • F.J.P. Soler
    • 2
    • 30
  • C. Gößling
    • 3
  • S. Bunyatov
    • 4
  • A. Krasnoperov
    • 4
  • B. Popov
    • 4
  • V. Serdiouk
    • 4
  • V. Tereschenko
    • 4
  • E. Di Capua
    • 5
  • G. Vidal-Sitjes
    • 5
    • 31
  • P. Arce
    • 6
    • 32
  • A. Artamonov
    • 6
    • 33
  • S. Giani
    • 6
  • S. Gilardoni
    • 6
  • P. Gorbunov
    • 6
    • 33
    • 34
  • A. Grant
    • 6
  • A. Grossheim
    • 6
    • 35
  • P. Gruber
    • 6
    • 36
  • V. Ivanchenko
    • 6
    • 37
  • A. Kayis-Topaksu
    • 6
    • 38
  • J. Panman
    • 6
  • I. Papadopoulos
    • 6
  • J. Pasternak
    • 6
  • E. Tcherniaev
    • 6
  • I. Tsukerman
    • 6
    • 33
  • R. Veenhof
    • 6
  • C. Wiebusch
    • 6
    • 39
  • P. Zucchelli
    • 6
    • 40
    • 34
  • A. Blondel
    • 7
  • S. Borghi
    • 7
    • 6
  • M. Campanelli
    • 7
  • M.C. Morone
    • 7
    • 41
  • G. Prior
    • 7
    • 42
  • R. Schroeter
    • 7
  • R. Engel
    • 8
  • C. Meurer
    • 8
  • I. Kato
    • 9
    • 35
  • U. Gastaldi
    • 10
  • G.B. Mills
    • 11
  • J.S. Graulich
    • 12
    • 7
  • G. Grégoire
    • 12
  • M. Kirsanov
    • 13
  • M. Bonesini
    • 14
  • F. Ferri
    • 14
  • M. Paganoni
    • 14
  • F. Paleari
    • 14
  • A. Bagulya
    • 15
  • V. Grichine
    • 15
  • N. Polukhina
    • 15
  • V. Palladino
    • 16
  • L. Coney
    • 17
  • D. Schmitz
    • 17
  • G. Barr
    • 18
  • A. De Santo
    • 18
    • 42
  • C. Pattison
    • 18
  • K. Zuber
    • 18
    • 43
  • F. Bobisut
    • 19
  • D. Gibin
    • 19
  • A. Guglielmi
    • 19
  • M. Mezzetto
    • 19
  • J. Dumarchez
    • 20
  • F. Vannucci
    • 20
  • U. Dore
    • 21
  • D. Orestano
    • 22
  • F. Pastore
    • 22
  • A. Tonazzo
    • 22
  • L. Tortora
    • 22
  • C. Booth
    • 23
  • C. Buttar
    • 23
    • 30
  • P. Hodgson
    • 23
  • L. Howlett
    • 23
  • M. Bogomilov
    • 24
  • M. Chizhov
    • 24
  • D. Kolev
    • 24
  • R. Tsenov
    • 24
  • S. Piperov
    • 25
  • P. Temnikov
    • 25
  • M. Apollonio
    • 26
  • P. Chimenti
    • 26
  • G. Giannini
    • 26
  • G. Santin
    • 26
    • 44
    • 45
  • J. Burguet-Castell
    • 27
  • A. Cervera-Villanueva
    • 27
  • J.J. Gómez-Cadenas
    • 27
    Email author
  • J. Martín-Albo
    • 27
  • P. Novella
    • 27
  • M. Sorel
    • 27
  • A. Tornero
    • 27
  • The HARP Collaboration
  1. 1.Università degli Studi e Sezione INFNBariItaly
  2. 2.Rutherford Appleton LaboratoryChilton, DidcotUK
  3. 3.Institut für PhysikUniversität DortmundDortmundGermany
  4. 4.Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, JINRDubnaRussia
  5. 5.Università degli Studi e Sezione INFNFerraraItaly
  6. 6.CERNGenevaSwitzerland
  7. 7.Section de PhysiqueUniversité de GenèveGenèveSwitzerland
  8. 8.Institut für PhysikForschungszentrumKarlsruheGermany
  9. 9.University of KyotoKyotoJapan
  10. 10.Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro dell’ INFNLegnaroItaly
  11. 11.Los Alamos National LaboratoryLos AlamosUSA
  12. 12.Institut de Physique NucléaireUCLLouvain-la-NeuveBelgium
  13. 13.Institute for Nuclear ResearchMoscowRussia
  14. 14.Università degli Studi e Sezione INFN Milano BicoccaMilanoItaly
  15. 15.P.N. Lebedev Institute of Physics (FIAN)Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  16. 16.Università “Federico II” e Sezione INFNNapoliItaly
  17. 17.Columbia UniversityNew YorkUSA
  18. 18.Nuclear and Astrophysics LaboratoryUniversity of OxfordOxfordUK
  19. 19.Università degli Studi e Sezione INFNPadovaItaly
  20. 20.LPNHE, Universités de Paris VI et VIIParisFrance
  21. 21.Università “La Sapienza” e Sezione INFN Roma IRomaItaly
  22. 22.Università degli Studi e Sezione INFN Roma IIIRomaItaly
  23. 23.Dept. of PhysicsUniversity of SheffieldSheffieldUK
  24. 24.Faculty of PhysicsSt. Kliment Ohridski UniversitySofiaBulgaria
  25. 25.Institute for Nuclear Research and Nuclear EnergyAcademy of SciencesSofiaBulgaria
  26. 26.Università degli Studi e Sezione INFNTriesteItaly
  27. 27.Instituto de Física CorpuscularIFIC, CSIC and Universidad de ValenciaValenciaSpain
  28. 28.FNALBataviaUSA
  29. 29.Codian Ltd.LangleyUK
  30. 30.University of GlasgowGlasgowUK
  31. 31.Imperial CollegeUniversity of LondonLondonUK
  32. 32.Instituto de Física de CantabriaUniv. de CantabriaSantanderSpain
  33. 33.ITEPMoscowRussian Federation
  34. 34.SpinX TechnologiesGenevaSwitzerland
  35. 35.TRIUMFVancouverCanada
  36. 36.University of St. GallenSt. GallenSwitzerland
  37. 37.EcoanaliticaMoscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  38. 38.Çukurova UniversityAdanaTurkey
  39. 39.III Phys. Inst. BRWTHAachenGermany
  40. 40.INFN, Sezione di FerraraFerraraItaly
  41. 41.University of Rome Tor VergataRomeItaly
  42. 42.LBLBerkeleyUSA
  43. 43.Royal HollowayUniversity of LondonLondonUK
  44. 44.University of SussexBrightonUK
  45. 45.ESA/ESTECNoordwijkThe Netherlands

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