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The European Physical Journal C

, Volume 51, Issue 4, pp 963–975 | Cite as

Novel constraints on light elementary particles and extra-dimensional physics from the Casimir effect

  • R.S. Decca
  • D. López
  • E. Fischbach
  • G.L. Klimchitskaya
  • D.E. Krause
  • V.M. MostepanenkoEmail author
Regular Article - Theoretical Physics

Abstract

We present supplementary information on the recent indirect measurement of the Casimir pressure between two parallel plates using a micromachined oscillator. The equivalent pressure between the plates is obtained by means of the proximity force approximation after measuring the force gradient between a gold coated sphere and a gold coated plate. The data are compared with a new theoretical approach to the thermal Casimir force based on the use of the Lifshitz formula, combined with a generalized plasma-like dielectric permittivity that takes into account interband transitions of core electrons. The theoretical Casimir pressures calculated using the new approach are compared with those computed in the framework of the previously used impedance approach and also with the Drude model approach. The latter is shown to be excluded by the data at a 99.9% confidence level within the wide separation range from 210 to 620 nm. The level of agreement between the data and theoretical approaches based on the generalized plasma model, or the Leontovich surface impedance, is used to set stronger constraints on the Yukawa forces predicted from the exchange of light elementary particles and/or extra-dimensional physics. The resulting constraints are the strongest in the interaction region from 20 to 86 nm with a largest improvement by a factor of 4.4 at 26 nm.

Keywords

Dielectric Permittivity Casimir Force Theoretical Error Yukawa Interaction Drude Model 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag / Società Italiana di Fisica 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • R.S. Decca
    • 1
  • D. López
    • 2
  • E. Fischbach
    • 3
  • G.L. Klimchitskaya
    • 4
  • D.E. Krause
    • 5
    • 3
  • V.M. Mostepanenko
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsIndiana University-Purdue University IndianapolisIndianapolisUSA
  2. 2.Lucent TechnologiesBell LaboratoriesNew JerseyUSA
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsPurdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA
  4. 4.Center of Theoretical Studies and Institute for Theoretical PhysicsLeipzig UniversityLeipzigGermany
  5. 5.Physics DepartmentWabash CollegeCrawfordsvilleUSA

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