Coercive field enhancement in microstructured (La0.4Pr0.6)0.67Ca0.33MnO3 thin films
- 18 Downloads
The perovskite material (La0.4Pr0.6)0.67Ca0.33MnO3 (LPCMO) has complex electronic and magnetic behavior based on phase competition between ferromagnetic metallic (FMM) and insulating phases with similar free energies. Experimental evidence has indicated that in-plane stress anisotropy influences these phases and can affect electronic and magnetic properties. Here we investigate the roles that both stress and shape anisotropies may play in controlling the coercive field of the material. LPCMO thin films of various thicknesses (20, 25, and 30 nm) were deposited on (110) NdGaO3 (NGO) substrates using pulsed laser deposition and the coercive fields were measured. Photolithography was then used to fabricate microstructured arrays of LPCMO on the NGO substrates for each of the films. The coercive fields of these arrays of LPCMO were compared to the behavior of the corresponding unpatterned LPCMO thin films across a range of temperatures. Microstructure arrays for the thicker (25 and 30 nm) films showed a substantial increase in the coercive field after forming the arrays, whereas a thinner film (20 nm) showed almost no change in the coercive field. Stress anisotropy continues to play a dominant role in the behavior of LPCMO thin films and dimensionality of the magnetic domains also influences the results. The films show 2D behavior when film thickness approaches the size of the critical radius for single-to-multidomain transitions. Making thicker films allows for 3D behavior and a role for shape anisotropy to influence the coercive fields.
- 8.H. Pohl, Dielectrophoresis: The Behavior of Natural Matter in Nonuniform Electric Fields (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, England, 1978) Google Scholar
- 21.H. Jeen, Ph.D. thesis, University of Florida, 2011 Google Scholar
- 24.B. Cullity, C. Graham, Introduction to Magnetic Materials (IEEE Press, Piscataway, NJ, 2009) Google Scholar
- 30.D. Givord, M. Rossignol, D. Taylor, J. Phys. IV 02, C3 (1992) Google Scholar