Exact partition potential for model systems of interacting electrons in 1-D
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We find the numerically exact partition potential for 1-D systems of interacting electrons designed to model diatomic molecules. At integer fragment occupations, the kinetic contribution to the partition potential develops sharp features in the internuclear region that nearly cancel corresponding features of exchange-correlation. They occur at locations that coincide with those of well-known features of the underlying molecular Kohn–Sham potential. For non-integer fragment occupations, we demonstrate that the fragment energy gaps determine the kinetic part of the partition potential. Our results highlight the importance of non-additive noninteracting kinetic and exchange-correlation energy approximations in density-embedding methods at large internuclear separations and the importance of non-additive noninteracting kinetic energy approximations at all separations.