Superconducting instability of a non-centrosymmetric system
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The Fermi gas approach to the weak-coupling superconductivity in the non-centrosymmetric systems lead to a conclusion of an approximately spin-orbit coupling independent critical temperature of the singlet states as well as the triplet states defined by the order parameter aligned with the antisymmetric spin-orbit coupling vector. We indicate that the above results follow from a simplified approximation of a density of states by a constant Fermi surface value. Such a scenario does not properly account for the spin-split quasiparticle energy spectrum and reduces the spin-orbit coupling influence on superconductivity to the bare pair-breaking effect of a lifted spin degeneracy. Applying the tight-binding model, which captures the primary features of the spin-split energy band, i.e., its enhanced width and the spin-orbit coupling induced redistribution of the spectral weights in the density of states, we calculate the critical temperature of a non-centrosymmetric superconductor. We report a general tendency of the critical temperature to be suppressed by the antisymmetric spin-orbit coupling. We indicate that, the monotonic decrease of the critical temperature may be altered by the spin-orbit coupling induced van Hove singularities which, when driven to the Fermi level, generate maxima in the phase diagram. Extending our considerations to the intermediate-coupling superconductivity we point out that the spin-orbit coupling induced change of the critical temperature depends on the structure of the electronic energy band and both – the strength and symmetry of the pair potential. Finally, we discuss the mixed singlet-triplet state superconducting instability and establish conditions concerning the symmetry of the singlet and triplet counterparts as well as the range of the spin-orbit coupling energy which make such a phase transition possible.
KeywordsSolid State and Materials
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