A comparison of different powder compaction processes adopted for synthesis of lead-free piezoelectric ceramics

  • M.L.V. MaheshEmail author
  • V.V. Bhanu Prasad
  • A.R. James
Regular Article
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical issue: Materials for Dielectric Applications


Barium zirconium titanate, Ba(Zr0.15Ti0.85)O3 nano-crystalline powders were synthesized using high energy ball milling. The calcined powders were compacted adopting two different approaches viz. the conventional uniaxial pressing and cold-isostatic pressing (CIP) and the compacts were sintered at 1350 °C. A single phase perovskite structure was observed in both cases. BZT ceramics compacted using CIP technique exhibited enhanced dielectric and ferroelectric properties compared to ceramics compacted by uniaxial pressing. The polarization current peaks have been used in this paper as an experimental evidence to prove the existence of ferroelectricity in the BZT ceramics under study. The peak polarization current was found to be ~700% higher in case of cold iso-statically compacted ceramics. Similarly electric field induces strain showed a maximum strain (S max) of 0.08% at an electric field of 28 kV/cm. The dielectric and ferroelectric properties observed are comparable to single crystals of the same material.


Hysteresis Loop Ferroelectric Property Polarization Current High Energy Ball Milling Cold Isostatic Pressing 
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Copyright information

© EDP Sciences, SIF, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ceramics and Composites Group, Defence Metallurgical Research LaboratoryHyderabadIndia

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