Thermodynamic properties of an electron gas on a curved surface
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We report a study on thermodynamic properties of a two-dimensional electron gas confined in a sector of a circular cylinder immersed in a dc magnetic field perpendicular to its axis. This field configuration produces on the electrons in the curved surface, effects similar to a non-homogeneous magnetic field on a flat system. We study these effects by calculating the energy spectra for different curvature radius and symmetries of the magnetic field with respect to the surface. The analysis of the density of states, chemical potential and specific heat of these systems helps to understand the correlation between the externally controlled symmetry and their physical properties.
KeywordsMesoscopic and Nanoscale Systems
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