Nanoparticles of Ni in ZnO single crystal matrix

  • R.P. Borges
  • B. Ribeiro
  • M.M. Cruz
  • M. Godinho
  • U. Wahl
  • R.C. da Silva
  • A.P. Gonçalves
  • C. Magén
Regular Article

Abstract

Magnetic nanoparticles were produced in ZnO single crystals using ion implantation of Ni along the [0001] channelling direction of ZnO. The particles were identified by X-ray diffraction and magnetization measurements as a distribution of superparamagnetic nickel nanoparticles having diameters in the range 2 − 3 nm. The depth distribution and size of the particles were determined using Rutherford backscattering spectrometry (RBS) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The obtained results agree with magnetization and X-ray diffraction (XRD) data. From the determined depth distribution, the density change of implanted region of the material modified by the implantation procedure was estimated.

Keywords

Mesoscopic and Nanoscale Systems 

Supplementary material

References

  1. 1.
    T. Dietl, H. Ohno, M. Matsukura, J. Cibert, D. Ferrand, Science 287, 1019 (2000) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    R. Janisch, P. Gopal, N.A. Spaldin, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 17, R657 (2005) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    G.V. Lashkarev, M.V. Radchenko, V. Karpina, V. Sichkovskyi, Low Temp. Phys. 33, 165 (2007) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    S.J. Pearton, D.P. Norton, M.P. Ivill, A.F. Hebard, J.M. Zavada, W.M. Chen, I.A. Buyanova, IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 54, 1040 (2007) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    S.B. Ogale, Adv. Mater. 22, 3125 (2010) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    N.A. Theodoropoulou, A.F. Hebard, D.P. Norton, J.D. Budai, L.A. Boatner, J.S. Lee, Z.G. Khim, Y.D. Park, M.E. Overberg, S.J. Pearton, R.G. Wilson, Solid State Electron. 47, 2231 (2003) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    G. Brauer, W. Anwand, W. Skorupa, H. Schmidt, M. Diaconu, M. Lorenz, M. Grundmann, Superlatt. Microstruct. 39, 41 (2006) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    D.H. Hill, D.A. Arena, R.A. Bartynski, P. Wu, G. Saraf, Y. Lu, L. Wielunski, R. Gateau, J. Dvorak, A. Moodenbaugh, Yung Kee Yeo, Phys. Stat. Sol. A 203, 3836 (2006) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    K. Potzger, S. Zhou, H. Reuther, A. Mücklich, F. Eichhorn, N. Schell, W. Skorupa, M. Helm, J. Fassbender, T. Herrmannsdörfer, T.P. Papageorgiou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 052508 (2006) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    B. Angadi, Y.S. Jung, W.-K. Choi, R. Kumar, K. Jeong, S.W. Shin, J.H. Lee, J.H. Song, M. Wasi Khan, J.P. Srivastava, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 142502 (2006) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    R.P. Borges, J.V. Pinto, R.C. da Silva, A.P. Gonçalves, M.M. Cruz, M. Godinho, J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 316, e191 (2007) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    V. Avrutin, Ü. Özgür, S. Chevtchenko, C. Litton, H. Morkoç, J. Electron. Mater. 36, 483 (2007) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    S. Ghosh, D. Kanjilal, B. Pandey, M. Saurav, P. Kumar, Rad. Eff. Defects in Solids 163, 215 (2008) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    N. Akdogan, H. Zabel, A. Nefedov, K. Westerholt, H.-W. Becker, S. Gök, R. Khaibullin, L. Tagirov, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 043907 (2009) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    R.P. Borges, B. Ribeiro, A.R.G Costa, C. Silva, R.C. da Silva, G. Evans, A.P. Gonçalves, M.M. Cruz, M. Godinho, Eur. Phys. J. B 79, 185 (2011) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    S. Zhou, K. Potzger, J. Von Borany, R. Grötzschel, W. Skorupa, M. Helm, J. Fassbender, Phys. Rev. B 77, 035209 (2008) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    S. Zhou, K. Potzger, G. Talut, J. von Borany, W. Skorupa, M. Helm, J. Fassbender, J. Appl. Phys. 103, 07D530 (2008) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    M. Schumm, M. Koerdel, S. Müller, C. Ronning, E. Dynowska, Z. Golacki, W. Szuszkiewicz, J. Geurts, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 083525 (2009) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    B. Pipeleers, S.M. Hogg, A. Vantomme, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 206, 95 (2003) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    J. Nord, K. Nordlund, B. Pipeleers, A. Vantomme, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 105, 111 (2003) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    B. Pipeleers, S.M. Hogg, A. Vantomme, J. Appl. Phys. 98, 123504 (2005) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    J.F. Ziegler, J.P. Biersack, M.D. Ziegler, The Stopping and Range of Ions in Matter (SRIM Press, Chester, 2008) Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    M.T. Robinson, Phys. Rev. B 40, 10717 (1989) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    J.V. Pinto, M.M. Cruz, R.C. da Silva, E. Alves, R. González, M. Godinho, Eur. Phys. J. B 45, 331 (2005) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© EDP Sciences, SIF, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • R.P. Borges
    • 1
  • B. Ribeiro
    • 2
    • 3
  • M.M. Cruz
    • 2
    • 3
  • M. Godinho
    • 2
    • 3
  • U. Wahl
    • 4
    • 5
  • R.C. da Silva
    • 4
    • 5
  • A.P. Gonçalves
    • 3
    • 4
  • C. Magén
    • 6
  1. 1.Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal FluminenseNiterói-RJBrazil
  2. 2.Departamento de Física, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade de LisboaLisboaPortugal
  3. 3.Centro de Física da Matéria Condensada da Universidade de LisboaLisboaPortugal
  4. 4.IST/ITN, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade Técnica de LisboaSacavémPortugal
  5. 5.Centro de Física Nuclear da Universidade de LisboaLisboaPortugal
  6. 6.LMA-INA & ARAID, Universidad de ZaragozaZaragozaSpain

Personalised recommendations