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Structural evolution of the Tropical Pacific climate network

  • L.C. Carpi
  • P.M. SacoEmail author
  • O.A. Rosso
  • M.G. Ravetti
Regular Article

Abstract

A new methodology based on information theory is used to explore the evolution of the surface air temperature climate network over the Tropical Pacific region. Topological changes over the period 1948–2009 are investigated using windows of one year duration. Alternating states of lower/higher efficiency in information transfer are consistently captured during the opposing phases of ENSO (i.e., El Niño and La Niña years). This cyclic information transfer behavior reflects a higher climatic stability for La Niña years which is in good agreement with current observations. In addition, after the 1976/77 climate shift, a change towards more frequent conditions of decreased information transfer efficiency is detected.

Keywords

Statistical and Nonlinear Physics 

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Copyright information

© EDP Sciences, SIF, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • L.C. Carpi
    • 1
  • P.M. Saco
    • 1
    Email author
  • O.A. Rosso
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • M.G. Ravetti
    • 5
  1. 1.Civil, Surveying and Environmental EngineeringThe University of NewcastleCallaghan NSWAustralia
  2. 2.LaCCAN/CPMAT – Instituto de ComputaçãoMaceióBrazil
  3. 3.Laboratorio de Sistemas Complejos, Facultad de Ingeniería. Universidad de Buenos AiresCiudad Autónoma de Buenos AiresArgentina
  4. 4.Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y TécnicasCiudad Autónoma de Buenos AiresArgentina
  5. 5.Departamento de Engenharia de ProduçãoUniversidade Federal de Minas GeraisBelo Horizonte –Brazil

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