Density distribution for an inhomogeneous finite gravitational system

  • A. Bose
  • M.S. JanakiEmail author
Regular Article


An attempt is made to develop an equilibrium kinetic equation for a weakly non ideal inhomogeneous gravitational system utilizing the Bogoliubov-Born-Green-Kirkwood-Yvon (BBGKY) hierarchy of equations. It is shown that the pair correlational function explicitly depends upon the nature of binary interaction between particles. The corresponding kinetic equation containing pair correlation corrections is devoid of the degeneracy present in the collisionless Boltzmann equation with respect to the nature of the two particle interactions, unlike the Vlasov equation that cannot recognize the nature of two particle interaction. A net effect of the particle correlations can be realized only if the spatial symmetry of the correlation interaction is broken due to a spatial inhomogeneity. Such an inhomogeneity is inherently present in a bulk gravitational system in view of the unshielded long range nature of the two-particle interactions. In a finite gravitational system, the effects of pair correlations in the first order kinetic equation can be expressed in terms of the macroscopic gravitational potential to obtain a modified Boltzmann distribution that includes the effects of correlations.


Statistical and Nonlinear Physics 


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Copyright information

© EDP Sciences, SIF, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Serampore CollegeSerampore, HooghlyIndia
  2. 2.Saha Institute of Nuclear PhysicsCalcuttaIndia

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