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75As NMR-NQR study in superconducting LiFeAs

  • S. -H. BaekEmail author
  • H. -J. Grafe
  • F. Hammerath
  • M. Fuchs
  • C. Rudisch
  • L. Harnagea
  • S. Aswartham
  • S. Wurmehl
  • J. van den Brink
  • B. Büchner
Regular Article

Abstract

We report results of 75As nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) experiments as well as 7Li NMR on different samples of self flux grown LiFeAs and 5% Co doped LiFeAs single crystals, and a polycrystalline LiFeAs sample. We were able to distinguish the samples by their slightly different quadrupole frequencies, ν Q , which is a direct measure of the electric field gradient (EFG) at the As site. Interestingly, samples with a large quadrupole frequency appear to show a different Knight shift and spin lattice relaxation in the superconducting state from those with a lower ν Q , yet all the samples are clearly superconducting. For sample S1 which has the largest ν Q , we find constant Knight shift \(\mathcal{K}\) across T c for a certain direction of the magnetic field and a peculiar upturn of the NQR spin lattice relaxation rate (T 1 T)−1 below T c . In contrast, samples with a lower ν Q exhibit the expected behavior for a singlet superconductor: a drop of \(\mathcal{K}\) and (T 1 T)−1 for both NMR and NQR below T c . Our results show that already tiny changes in stoichiometry uncovered by slightly different NQR frequencies lead to very different behavior of the NMR parameters in the superconducting state of LiFeAs. Different possibilities will be discussed which may explain the contrasting behavior.

Keywords

Solid State and Materials 

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Copyright information

© EDP Sciences, SIF, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. -H. Baek
    • 1
    Email author
  • H. -J. Grafe
    • 1
  • F. Hammerath
    • 1
  • M. Fuchs
    • 1
  • C. Rudisch
    • 1
  • L. Harnagea
    • 1
  • S. Aswartham
    • 1
  • S. Wurmehl
    • 1
  • J. van den Brink
    • 1
  • B. Büchner
    • 1
  1. 1.Leibniz Institute for Solid State and Materials Research IFW-DresdenDresdenGermany

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