Spectator and participator processes in the resonant photon-in and photon-out spectra at the Ce L3 edge of CeO2

  • A. Kotani
  • K. O. Kvashnina
  • S. M. Butorin
  • P. Glatzel
Regular Article


We study both theoretically and experimentally the photon-in and photon-out spectra of CeO2, which are caused by the Ce 2p to Ce 5d excitation followed by the three different de-excitation channels: (i) Ce 3d to Ce 2p (denoted by 3d-RXES), (ii) O 2p to Ce 2p (v-RXES), and (iii) Ce 5d to Ce 2p (RIXS). In 3d- and v-RXES, the 5d electron plays a role of a spectator, but in RIXS it is a participator. By extending our single impurity Anderson model (SIAM), which was used recently for our calculations of v- and 3d-RXES spectra of CeO2, we study the polarization dependence in the spectator and participator spectra, and we perform more detailed calculations for 3d- and v-RXES spectral features, as well as new calculations for the RIXS spectrum with charge transfer excitations. The polarization dependence is different for the spectator and participator spectra; we have no polarization correlation between the incident and emitted photons for the spectator spectra but a strong polarization correlation for the participator spectrum. The theoretical calculations predict that the charge transfer excitations in RIXS occur in the transfer-energy range overlapped with v-RXES, but the RIXS and v-RXES spectra can be discriminated by taking advantage of the different polarization dependence. The overlapped RIXS and v-RXES spectra are observed successfully by our experiments and well reproduced by our SIAM calculations.


Solid State and Materials 


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Copyright information

© EDP Sciences, SIF, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Kotani
    • 1
    • 2
  • K. O. Kvashnina
    • 3
  • S. M. Butorin
    • 4
  • P. Glatzel
    • 3
  1. 1.Photon Factory, Institute of Materials Structure ScienceIbarakiJapan
  2. 2.RIKEN SPring-8 CenterHyogoJapan
  3. 3.European Synchrotron Radiation FacilityGrenobleFrance
  4. 4.Department of Physics and AstronomyUppsala UniversityUppsalaSweden

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