Spin-phonon coupling in multiferroic manganites RMnO3: comparison of pure (R = Eu, Gd, Tb) and substituted (R = Eu1- x Y x ) compounds
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For rare-earth manganite RMnO3 compounds spin-phonon coupling manifests itself as a phonon softening in the temperature range of the magnetically ordered phases. Within this class of materials, a continuous tuning of the lattice and thus also of the magnetic properties of multiferroic manganites is achieved by Y doping in substituted Eu1- x Y x MnO3. We compare the impact on spin-phonon coupling within this partial-substitution approach in a series of Eu1- x Y x MnO3 samples 0 ≤ x ≤ 0.5) with the effect of a complete exchange of the rare earth ions R3+ in a series of pure RMnO3 compounds (R = Eu, Gd, Tb). For this purpose we employ polarized Raman scattering in the 10–300 K temperature range. The low-temperature results show phonon softening in all investigated compounds. For decreasing R3+ radius, i.e. an increasing orthorhombic distortion and magnetic frustration, we observe in both systems a weakening of the spin-phonon coupling. For known sublattice magnetization within the MnO2-plane, quantitative results for the spin-phonon coupling constant are derived for both cases within a molecular field approximation. Our results show, that the spin-phonon coupling strength in the magnetically ordered phases of the various investigated manganites does not correlate with the magnetization pattern. Instead, the pure RMnO3 compounds and the substituted Eu1- x Y x MnO3 fit excellently within a common scheme, in which the weakening of the spin-phonon coupling reflects the degree of tilting of the MnO6 octahedra due to the orthorhombic distortion of the crystal lattice.
KeywordsManganite Phonon Mode Phonon Frequency Sublattice Magnetization Orthorhombic Distortion
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