Urban traffic from the perspective of dual graph
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Urban traffic is modeled using a dual graph representation of the urban transport network, where roads are mapped to nodes and intersections are mapped to links. The proposed model considers both the navigation of the vehicles in the network and the motion of the vehicles along roads. The vehicle-holding ability of roads and the vehicle-turning ability at intersections are also incorporated. The overall handling ability of the system can be quantified by a phase transition from free flow to congestion. Simulations show that the system's handling ability greatly depends on the topology of the transportation network. In general, a well-planned grid can hold more vehicles, and its overall handling ability is much greater than that of a growing self-organized network.
PACS.45.70.Vn Granular models of complex systems; traffic flow 89.75.Hc Networks and genealogical trees 05.70.Fh Phase transitions: general studies
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