The European Physical Journal B

, Volume 65, Issue 3, pp 425–433 | Cite as

The effect of low-frequency oscillations on cardio-respiratory synchronization

Observations during rest and exercise
  • D. A. Kenwright
  • A. Bahraminasab
  • A. Stefanovska
  • P. V. E. McClintock
Article

Abstract

We show that the transitions which occur between close orders of synchronization in the cardiorespiratory system are mainly due to modulation of the cardiac and respiratory processes by low-frequency components. The experimental evidence is derived from recordings on healthy subjects at rest and during exercise. Exercise acts as a perturbation of the system that alters the mean cardiac and respiratory frequencies and changes the amount of their modulation by low-frequency oscillations. The conclusion is supported by numerical evidence based on a model of phase-coupled oscillators, with white noise and lowfrequency noise. Both the experimental and numerical approaches confirm that low-frequency oscillations play a significant role in the transitional behavior between close orders of synchronization.

PACS

05.45.Xt Synchronization; coupled oscillators 87.19.ug Heart and lung dynamics 87.18.Tt Noise in biological systems 05.45.Tp Time series analysis 

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Copyright information

© Springer 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. A. Kenwright
    • 1
  • A. Bahraminasab
    • 1
  • A. Stefanovska
    • 1
    • 2
  • P. V. E. McClintock
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsUniversity of LancasterLancasterUK
  2. 2.Nonlinear Dynamics and Synergetics Group, Faculty of Electrical EngineeringUniversity of LjubljanaLjubljanaSlovenia

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