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Ferromagnetic ordering in graphs with arbitrary degree distribution

  • M. Leone
  • A. Vázquez
  • A. Vespignani
  • R. Zecchina

Abstract:

We present a detailed study of the phase diagram of the Ising model in random graphs with arbitrary degree distribution. By using the replica method we compute exactly the value of the critical temperature and the associated critical exponents as a function of the moments of the degree distribution. Two regimes of the degree distribution are of particular interest. In the case of a divergent second moment, the system is ferromagnetic at all temperatures. In the case of a finite second moment and a divergent fourth moment, there is a ferromagnetic transition characterized by non-trivial critical exponents. Finally, if the fourth moment is finite we recover the mean field exponents. These results are analyzed in detail for power-law distributed random graphs.

PACS. 05.50.+q Lattice theory and statistics (Ising, Potts, etc.) – 05.70.Fh Phase transitions: general studies – 75.10.Nr Spin-glass and other random model – 89.75.Hc Networks and genealogical trees 

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Copyright information

© EDP Sciences, Springer-Verlag 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Leone
    • 1
  • A. Vázquez
    • 1
  • A. Vespignani
    • 2
  • R. Zecchina
    • 2
  1. 1.International School for Advanced Studies and INFM, via Beirut 4, 34014 Trieste, ItalyIT
  2. 2.The Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics, PO Box 586, 34014 Trieste, ItalyIT

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