Advertisement

Neutron inelastic scattering on 54Fe

  • A. Olacel
  • C. Borcea
  • M. Boromiza
  • Ph. Dessagne
  • G. Henning
  • M. Kerveno
  • L. Leal
  • A. Negret
  • M. Nyman
  • A. J. M. Plompen
Regular Article - Experimental Physics
  • 32 Downloads

Abstract.

A neutron inelastic scattering experiment was performed at the Geel Electron Linear Accelerator neutron source using an enriched 54Fe sample. The \(\gamma\) rays produced in the reaction were detected using the Gamma Array for Inelastic Neutron Scattering spectrometer. For each observed transition we determined the \(\gamma\)-production cross section for incident energies ranging from the inelastic threshold (\(\approx 1.434\) MeV) up to 18 MeV. Using these primary data we also calculated the cross section of the first excited level and the total inelastic cross section. Our experimental results are compared with previous reported values, evaluated nuclear data libraries and theoretical calculations performed with the TALYS 1.9 code. A careful tuning of the optical model parameters allowed significant improvements in the description of the experimental results leading to interesting conclusions regarding the interaction of the 54Fe nucleus with neutrons.

References

  1. 1.
    J. Meija, T.B. Coplen, M. Berglung, W.A. Brand, P. De Bièvre, M. Gróning, N.E. Holden, J. Irrgeher, R.D. Loss, T. Walczyk, T. Prohaska, Pure Appl. Chem. 88, 293 (2016)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Nuclear Energy Agency, OECD, Collaborative International Evaluated Library Organisation (CIELO) Pilot Project, WPEC Subgroup 40 (SG40) https://doi.org/www.oecd-nea.org/science/wpec/sg40-cielo (Online
  3. 3.
    M.B. Chadwick, R. Capote, A. Trkov, M.W. Herman, D.A. Brown, G.M. Hale, A.C. Kahler, P. Talou, A.J. Plompen, P. Schillebeeckx, M.T. Pigni, L. Leal, Y. Danon, A.D. Carlson, P. Romain, B. Morillon, E. Bauge, F.-J. Hambsch, S. Kopecky, G. Giorginis, T. Kawano, J. Lestone, D. Neudecker, M. Rising, M. Paris, G.P.A. Nobre, R. Arcilla, O. Cabellos, I. Hill, E. Dupont, A.J. Koning, D. Cano-Ott, E. Mendoza, J. Balibrea, C. Paradela, I. Durán, J. Qian, Z. Ge, T. Liu, L. Hanlin, X. Ruan, W. Haicheng, M. Sin, G. Noguere, D. Bernard, R. Jacqmin, O. Bouland, C. De Saint Jean, V.G. Pronyaev, A.V. Ignatyuk, K. Yokoyama, M. Ishikawa, T. Fukahori, N. Iwamoto, O. Iwamoto, S. Kunieda, C.R. Lubitz, M. Salvatores, G. Palmiotti, I. Kodeli, B. Kiedrowski, D. Roubtsov, I. Thompson, S. Quaglioni, H.I. Kim, Y.O. Lee, U. Fischer, S. Simakov, M. Dunn, K. Guber, J.I. Márquez Damián, F. Cantargi, I. Sirakov, N. Otuka, A. Daskalakis, B.J. McDermott, S.C. van der Marck, Nucl. Data Sheets 148, 189 (2018)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    M. Herman, A. Trkov, R. Capote, G.P.A. Nobre, D.A. Brown, R. Arcilla, Y. Danon, A. Plompen, S.F. Mughabghab, Q. Jing, G. Zhigang, L. Tingjin, L. Hanlin, R. Xichao, L. Leal, B.V. Carlson, T. Kawano, M. Sin, S.P. Simakov, K. Guber, Nucl. Data Sheets 148, 214 (2018)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    A. Negret, C. Borcea, Ph. Dessagne, M. Kerveno, A. Olacel, A.J.M. Plompen, M. Stanoiu, Phys. Rev. C 90, 034602 (2014)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    A. Negret, M. Sin, C. Borcea, R. Capote, Ph. Dessagne, M. Kerveno, N. Nankov, A. Olacel, A.J.M. Plompen, C. Rouki, Phys. Rev. C 96, 024620 (2017)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    N. Otuka, E. Dupont, V. Semkova, B. Pritychenko, A.I. Blokhin, M. Aikawa, S. Babykina, M. Bossant, G. Chen, S. Dunaeva, R.A. Forrest, T. Fukahori, N. Furutachi, S. Ganesan, Z. Ge, O.O. Gritzany, M. Herman, S. Hlavac, K. Katō, B. Lalremruata, Y.O. Lee, A. Makinaga, K. Matsumoto, M. Mikhaylyukova, G. Pikulina, V. G. Pronyaev, A. Saxena, O. Schwerer, S.P. Simakov, N. Soppera, R. Suzuki, S. Takács, X. Tao, S. Taova, F. Tárkányi, V.V. Varlamov, J. Wang, S.C. Yang, V. Zerkin, Y. Zhuang, Nucl. Data Sheets 120, 272 (2014)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    V.V. Zerkin, B. Pritychenko, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 888, 31 (2018)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    L.E. Beghian, D. Hicks, B. Milman, Philos. Mag. 46, 963 (1955)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    D.L. Broder, A.I. Lashuk, I.P. Sadokhin, A.P. Suvorov, Theory and Method of Nuclear Reactor Design (Gosmatomizdat, Moscow, 1962) p. 254Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    R.W. Benjamin, I.L. Morgan, Phys. Rev. 163, 1252 (1967)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    B. Jönsson, K. Nyberg, I. Bergqvist, Ark. Fys. 39, 295 (1969)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    W. Breunlich, G. Stengl, H. Vonach, Z. Naturforsch. A 26, 451 (1971)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    P. Boschung, J.T. Lindow, E.F. Shrader, Nucl. Phys. A 161, 593 (1971)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    W.E. Kinney, F.G. Perey, Oak Ridge National Lab. reports, 4907 (1974)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    M.B. Fedorov, T.I. Jakovenko, Ukr. Fiz. Zh. 19, 152 (1974)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    E. Almén-Ramström, in Conference on Nuclear Data for Reactors, Helsinki, Vol. 2 (International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, 1970) p. 349Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    J. Nardini, Neutron inelastic scattering cross sections for natural iron via $(\ab{n}, \ab{n}'\gamma)$ reactions, Master Thesis (1975)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    I.A. Korzh, V.A. Mishchenko, E.N. Mozhzhukhin, A.A. Golubova, N.M. Pravdivyj, I.E. Sanzhur, M.V. Pasechnik, Yad. Fiz. Issled. Rep. 25, 63 (1977)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    P.T. Guenther, D.L. Smith, A.B. Smith, J.F. Whalen, Ann. Nucl. Energy 13, 601 (1986)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    I.A. Korzh, V.A. Mishchenko, N.M. Pravdivy, At. Energ. 62, 417 (1987)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    S.F. Hicks, J.R. Vanhoy, A.J. French, S.L. Henderson, T.J. Howard, R.L. Pecha, Z.C. Santonil, B.P. Crider, S. Liu, M.T. McEllistrem, E.E. Peters, F.M. Prados-Estvez, T.J. Ross, S.W. Yates, EPJ Web of Conferences 93, 02002 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    A. Olacel, C. Borcea, P. Dessagne, M. Kerveno, A. Negret, A.J.M. Plompen, Phys. Rev. C 90, 034603 (2014)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    M. Nyman, F. Belloni, D. Ichinkhorloo, E. Pirovano, A.J.M. Plompen, C. Rouki, Phys. Rev. C 93, 024610 (2016)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    D. Ene, C. Borcea, S. Kopecky, W. Mondelaers, A. Negret, A.J.M. Plompen, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 618, 54 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    D. Deleanu, C. Borcea, Ph. Dessagne, M. Kerveno, A. Negret, A.J.M. Plompen, J.C. Thiry, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. 624, 130 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    A. Plompen, N. Nankov, C. Rouki, M. Stanoiu, C. Borcea, D. Deleanu, A. Negret, Ph. Dessagne, M. Kerveno, G. Rudolf, J.C. Thiry, M. Mosconi, R. Nolte, J. Korean Phys. Soc. 59, 1581 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    C.R. Brune, Nucl. Intrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 493, 106 (2002)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    A. Olacel, F. Belloni, C. Borcea, M. Boromiza, P. Dessagne, G. Henning, M. Kerveno, A. Negret, M. Nyman, E. Pirovano, A.J.M. Plompen, Phys. Rev. C 96, 014621 (2018)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    A.D. Carlson, V.G. Pronyaev, D.L. Smith, N.M. Larson, Z. Chen, G.M. Hale, F.-J. Hambsch, E.V. Gai, S.-Y. Oh, S.A. Badikov, T. Kawano, H.M. Hofmann, H. Vonach, S. Tagesen, Nucl. Data Sheets 110, 3215 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    L.C. Mihailescu, L. Oláh, C. Borcea, A.J.M. Plompen, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 531, 375 (2004)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    C. Rouki, P. Archier, C. Borcea, C. de Saint Jean, J.C. Drohé, S. Kopekey, A. Moens, N. Nankov, A. Negret, G. Noguère, A.J.M. Plompen, M. Stanoiu, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 672, 82 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    A. Olacel, F. Belloni, C. Borcea, M. Boromiza, Ph. Dessagne, G. Henning, M. Kerveno, A. Negret, M. Nyman, E. Pirovano, A. Plompen, AIP Conf. Proc. 1852, 080006 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    A. Negret, C. Borcea, D. Bucurescu, D. Deleanu, Ph. Dessagne, D. Filipescu, D. Ghita, T. Glodariu, M. Kerveno, N. Marginean, R. Marginean, C. Mihai, S. Pascu, A.J.M. Plompen, T. Sava, L. Stroe, Phys. Rev. C 88, 034604 (2013)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    A.J. Koning, S. Hilaire, M.C. Duijvestijn, TALYS-1.0, in Proceedings of the International Conference on Nuclear Data for Science and Technology, April 22–27, 2007, Nice, France, edited by O. Bersillon, F. Gunsing, E. Bauge, R. Jacqmin, S. Leray (EDP Sciences, 2008) pp. 211--214Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    E.E. Carroll Jr., G.G. Smith, Nucl. Sci. Eng. 22, 411 (1965)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Chi-Fong Ai, Mien-Win Wu, Jen-Chang Chou, Nucl. Sci. 14, 1 (1977)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Y. Ikeda, C. Konno, K. Kosako, K. Oishi, Japanese report to NEANDC, No. 155, 11 (1990)Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    W. Mannhart, D. Schmidt, AIP Conf. Proc. 769, 609 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Lu Han-Lin, Li Ji-Zhou, Fan Pei-Guo, Huang Jian-Zhou, Chin. J. Nucl. Phys. 4, 272 (1982)Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    J.W. Meadows, D.L. Smith, L.R. Greenwood, L.P. Geraldo, W. Mannhart, G. Boerker, G. Mueller, in Proceedings of the International Conference on Nuclear Data for Science and Technology, May 13–17, 1991, Jülich, Germany (Springer, 1992)Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    A.J. Koning, J.P. Delaroche, Nucl. Phys. A 713, 231 (2003)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    J. Kopecky, M. Uhl, Phys. Rev. C 41, 1941 (1990)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    J. Kopecky, M. Uhl, R.E. Chrien, Phys. Rev. C 47, 312 (1993)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    D.M. Brink, Nucl. Phys. 4, 215 (1957)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    P. Axel, Phys. Rev. 126, 671 (1962)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    A. Gilbert, A.G.W. Cameron, Can. J. Phys. 43, 1446 (1965)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    A.V. Ignatyuk, G.N. Smirenkin, A.S. Tishin, Sov. J. Nucl. Phys. 21, 255 (1975)Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    R. Capote, M. Herman, P. Oblozinsky, P.G. Young, S. Goriely, T. Belgya, A.V. Ignatyuk, A.J. Koning, S. Hilaire, V. Plujko, M. Avrigeanu, O. Bersillon, M.B. Chadwick, T. Fukahori, S. Kailas, J. Kopecky, V.M. Maslov, G. Reffo, M. Sin, E. Soukhovitskii, P. Talou, H. Yinlu, G. Zhigang, Nucl. Data Sheets 110, 3107 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    S. Goriely, F. Tondeur, J.M. Pearson, At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 77, 311 (2001)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Yang Dong, Huo Junde, Nucl. Data Sheets 121, 1 (2014)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Phan-Xuan-Ho, J. Bellicard, Ph. Leconte, I. Sick, Nucl. Phys. A 210, 189 (1973)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    D.I. Sober, B.C. Metsch, W. Knüpfer, G. Eulenberg, G. Küchler, A. Richter, E. Spamer, W. Steffen, Phys. Rev. C 31, 6 (1985)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    T. Lönnroth, J. Hattula, V. Koponen, E.K. Warburton, Phys. Scr. 34, 669 (1986)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    M. Dupuis, T. Kawano, J.-P. Delaroche, E. Bauge, Phys. Rev. C 83, 014602 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    T. Kawano, P. Talou, H.A. Weidenmüller, Phys. Rev. C 92, 044617 (2015)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    T. Kawano, R. Capote, S. Hilaire, P. Chau Huu-Tai, Phys. Rev. C 94, 014612 (2016)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    E.K. Warburton, D.E. Alburger, Phys. Rev. C 6, 4 (1972)Google Scholar
  59. 59.
    D.A. Brown, M.B. Chadwick, R. Capote, A.C. Kahler, A. Trkov, M.W. Herman, A.A. Sonzogni, Y. Danon, A.D. Carlson, M. Dunn, D.L. Smith, G.M. Hale, G. Arbanas, R. Arcilla, C.R. Bates, B. Beck, B. Becker, F. Brown, R.J. Casperson, J. Conlin, D.E. Cullen, M.-A. Descalle, R. Firestone, T. Gaines, K.H. Guber, A.I. Hawari, J. Holmes, T.D. Johnson, T. Kawano, B.C. Kiedrowski, A.J. Koning, S. Kopecky, L. Leal, J.P. Lestone, C. Lubitz, J.I. Marquez Damian, C.M. Mattoon, E.A. McCutchan, S. Mughabghab, P. Navratil, D. Neudecker, G.P.A. Nobre, G. Noguere, M. Paris, M.T. Pigni, A.J. Plompen, B. Pritychenko, V.G. Pronyaev, D. Roubtsov, D. Rochman, P. Romano, P. Schillebeeckx, S. Simakov, M. Sin, I. Sirakov, B. Sleaford, V. Sobes, E.S. Soukhovitskii, I. Stetcu, P. Talou, I. Thompson, S. van der Marck, L. Welser-Sherrill, D. Wiarda, M. White, J.L. Wormald, R.Q. Wright, M. Zerkle, G. Zerovnik, Y. Zhu, Nucl. Data Sheets 148, 1 (2018)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    D. Rochman, A.J. Koning, J.Ch. Sublet, M. Fleming, E. Bauge, S. Hilaire, P. Romain, B. Morillon, H. Duarte, S. Goriely, S.C. van der Marck, H. Sjstrand, S. Pomp, N. Dzysiuk, O. Cabellos, H. Ferroukhi, A. Vasiliev, EPJ Web of Conferences 146, 02006 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    Z.G. Ge, Z.X. Zhao, H.H. Xia, Y.X. Zhuang, T.J. Liu, J.S. Zhang, H.C. Wu, J. Korean Phys. Soc. 59, 1052 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    K. Shibata, O. Iwamoto, T. Nakagawa, N. Iwamoto, A. Ichihara, S. Kunieda, S. Chiba, K. Furutaka, N. Otuka, T. Ohsawa, T. Murata, H. Matsunobu, A. Zukeran, S. Kamada, J. Katakura, J. Nucl. Sci. Technol. 48, 1 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. 63.
    A. Santamarina, D. Bernard, Y. Rugama, JEFF Report 22 (2009)Google Scholar
  64. 64.
    S.V. Zabrodskaya, A.V. Ignatyuk, V.N. Koshcheev, V.N. Manochin, M.N. Nikolaev, V.G. Pronyaev, Voprosy Atomnoj Nauki i Techniki, Seriya Nuclear Constants Vols. 1–2 (ROSFOND, 2007) p. 3Google Scholar
  65. 65.
    C.M. Perey, F.G. Perey, At. Data Nucl. data Tables 17, 1 (1976)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    R. Capote, K.I. Zolotarev, V.G. Pronyaev, A. Trkov, J. ASTM Int. 9, 1 (2012)Google Scholar
  67. 67.
    E.M. Zsolnay, R. Capote, H.K. Nolthenius, A. Trkov, Technical report INDC(NDS)-0616 (IAEA, Vienna, 2012)Google Scholar
  68. 68.
    E.M. Cornelis, L. Mewissen, F. Poortmans, in Proceedings of the International Conference on Nuclear Data for Science and Technology, September 6–10, 1982, Antwerp, Belgium (Springer, 1983)Google Scholar
  69. 69.
    R.F. Carlton, J.A. Harvey, B. Castel, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 30, 1252 (1985)Google Scholar
  70. 70.
    P. Boschung, J.T. Lindow, E.F. Shrader, Nucl. Phys. A 161, 593 (1971)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. 71.
    W.E. Kinney, F.G. Perey, Oak Ridge National Lab. Reports, No. 4907 (1974)Google Scholar
  72. 72.
    I.A. Korzh, V.A. Mishchenko, E.N. Mozhzhukhin, N.M. Pravdivij, I.E. Sanzhur, Ukr. Fiz. Zh. 22, 87 (1977)Google Scholar
  73. 73.
    S.M. El-Kadi, C.E. Nelson, F.O. Purser, R.L. Walter, A. Beyerle, C.R. Gould, L.W. Seagondollar, Nucl. Phys. A 390, 509 (1982)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. 74.
    I.A. Korzh, V.A. Mishchenko, N.M. Pravdivy, At. Energ. 62, 417 (1987)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. 75.
    J.R. Vanhoy, S.H. Liu, S.F. Hicks, B.M. Combs, B.P. Crider, A.J. French, E.A. Garza, T. Harrison, S.L. Henderson, T.J. Howard, M.T. McEllistrem, S. Nigam, R.L. Pecha, E.E. Peters, F.M. Prados-Estévez, A.P.D. Ramirez, B.G. Rice, T.J. Ross, Z.C. Santonil, L.C. Sidwell, J.L. Steves, B.K. Thompson, S.W. Yates, Nucl. Phys. 972, 107 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. 76.
    Rui Li, Weili Sun, E.Sh. Soukhovitskii, J.M. Quesada, R. Capote, Phys. Rev. C 87, 0546111 (2013)Google Scholar
  77. 77.
    W. Sun, R. Li, E.Sh. Soukhovitskii, J.M. Quesada, R. Capote, Nucl. Data Sheets 118, 191 (2014)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. 78.
    T. Kawano, F.H. Fröhner, Nucl. Sci. Eng. 127, 130 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. 79.
    Roland Beyer, Arnd R. Junghans, Peter Schillebeeckx, Ivan Sirakov, Tae-Yung Song, Daniel Bemmerer, Roberto Capote, Anna Ferrari, Andreas Hartmann, Roland Hannaske, Jan Heyse, Hyeon Il Kim, Jong Woon Kim, Toni Kögler, Cheol Woo Lee, Young-Ouk Lee, Ralph Massarczyk, Stefan E. Müller, Tobias P. Reinhardt, Marko Röder, Konrad Schmidt, Ronald Schwengner, Tamás Szücs, Marcell P. Takács, Andreas Wagner, Louis Wagner, Sung-Chul Yang, Eur. Phys. J. A 54, 81 (2018)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© SIF, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Olacel
    • 1
  • C. Borcea
    • 1
  • M. Boromiza
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ph. Dessagne
    • 3
  • G. Henning
    • 3
  • M. Kerveno
    • 3
  • L. Leal
    • 4
  • A. Negret
    • 1
  • M. Nyman
    • 5
  • A. J. M. Plompen
    • 5
  1. 1.Horia Hulubei National Institute for Physics and Nuclear EngineeringBucharest-MăgureleRomania
  2. 2.University of Bucharest, Faculty of PhysicsBucharest-MăgureleRomania
  3. 3.Université de Strasbourg, CNRS, IPHC UMR 7178StrasbourgFrance
  4. 4.Institut de Radioprotection et de Sreté NucléaireFontenay-aux-Roses CedexFrance
  5. 5.European Commission, Joint Research CentreGeelBelgium

Personalised recommendations