Advertisement

Development of a two-stage detection array for low-energy light charged particles in nuclear astrophysics applications

  • M. Romoli
  • L. Morales-Gallegos
  • M. Aliotta
  • C. G. Bruno
  • R. Buompane
  • A. D’Onofrio
  • T. Davinson
  • M. De Cesare
  • A. Di Leva
  • P. Di Meo
  • J. Duarte
  • L. Gasques
  • L. Gialanella
  • G. Imbriani
  • G. Porzio
  • D. Rapagnani
  • A. Vanzanella
Special Article - New Tools and Techniques

Abstract.

A new detection array called GASTLY (GAs-Silicon Two-Layer sYstem) has been designed to detect and identify low-energy light particles emitted in nuclear reactions of astrophysical interest. Devoted to the measurement of nanobarn cross-sections, the system is optimised for large solid angle coverage and for low-energy detection thresholds. The array consists of eight modules, each comprising an ionisation chamber and a large area silicon strip detector. Its modularity and versatility allow for use in a variety of experiments. Here we report on the performance of the array as obtained during its commissioning phase with standard \(\alpha\)-particle sources and during in-beam tests with an intense 12C beam. Typical energy resolutions \(\Delta E(\mathrm{FWHM})/E\) of about 3% and 2% were obtained for the ionisation chambers and the silicon detectors, respectively. The status of the development of individual strip readout, based on ASIC technology, is also presented.

References

  1. 1.
    C.E. Rolfs, W.S. Rodney, Cauldrons in the Cosmos (The University of Chicago Press, 1988)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    C. Iliadis, Nuclear Physics of Stars, 2nd edition (Wiley-VCH, 2015)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    G.F. Knoll, Radiation Detection and Measurement, 3rd edition (John Wiley & Son Inc., 2000)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    W.R. Leo, Techniques for Nuclear and Particle Physics Experiments 2nd edition (Springer Verlag, 1994)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    M.E. Bennett et al., Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 420, 3047 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    M. High, B. Ĉujec, Nucl. Phys. A 282, 181 (1977)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    K.U. Kettner et al., Z. Phys. A 75, 65 (1980)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    P. Rosales, E. Aguilera, Rev. Mex. Fís. S 49(4), 88 (2003)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    L. Barrón-Palos, E. Chavez, Rev. Mex. Fís. S 50, 18 (2004)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    L. Barrón-Palos et al., Eur. Phys. J. A 25, 645 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    L. Barrón-Palos et al., Nucl. Phys. A 779, 318 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    E. Aguilera et al., Phys. Rev. C 73, 064601 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    T. Spillane et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 122501 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    J. Patterson, H. Winkler, C. Zaidins, Astrophys. J. 157, 367 (1969)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    M. Mazarakis, W. Stephens, Phys. Rev. C 7, 4 (1973)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    H.W. Becker, K.U. Kettner, C. Rolfs, H.-P. Trautvetter, Z. Phys. A 312, 305 (1981)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    J. Zickefoose, ${}^{12}C + {}^{12}C$ fusion: Measurement and advances toward the Gamow energy, PhD Thesis, University of Connecticut, US (2010)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
  19. 19.
  20. 20.
    PIPS Silicon Detectors Catalogue Canberra Industries Inc., Meriden (USA), https://doi.org/www.canberra.com/products/detectors/pips-detectors-single-multiple.asp (last accessed: July 22, 2018)
  21. 21.
    L. Grassi et al., Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 767, 99 (2014)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    M. Romoli, Ann. Rep. INFN Legnaro 2005, INFN-LNL-210 (2006) p. 178Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    M. Romoli et al., Eur. Phys. J. A 25, 289 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    M. Romoli et al., IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 52, 1860 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    J. Ziegler, SRIM, The Stopping and Range of Ions in Matter (2013) https://doi.org/srim.org (last accessed: July 22, 2018)
  26. 26.
    O.B. Tarasov, D. Bazin, Nucl. Instrum. Methods B 376, 185 (2016)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© SIF, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Romoli
    • 1
  • L. Morales-Gallegos
    • 2
    • 3
    • 1
  • M. Aliotta
    • 2
  • C. G. Bruno
    • 2
  • R. Buompane
    • 3
    • 1
  • A. D’Onofrio
    • 3
    • 1
  • T. Davinson
    • 2
  • M. De Cesare
    • 4
    • 1
  • A. Di Leva
    • 5
    • 1
  • P. Di Meo
    • 1
  • J. Duarte
    • 3
    • 1
  • L. Gasques
    • 6
    • 3
    • 1
  • L. Gialanella
    • 3
    • 1
  • G. Imbriani
    • 5
    • 1
  • G. Porzio
    • 3
    • 1
  • D. Rapagnani
    • 3
    • 7
    • 8
  • A. Vanzanella
    • 1
  1. 1.INFN, Sezione di Napoli, Complesso Universitario MSANapoliItaly
  2. 2.SUPA, School of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of EdinburghEdinburghUK
  3. 3.Dipartimento di Matematica e FisicaUniversità della Campania “L. Vanvitelli”CasertaItaly
  4. 4.Department of Diagnostic Methodologies and Measurement TechniquesItalian Aerospace Research Centre (CIRA)Capua (CE)Italy
  5. 5.Dipartimento di FisicaUniversità di Napoli “Federico II”NapoliItaly
  6. 6.Departamento de Fisica NuclearInstituto de Fisica da Universidade de São PaoloSão PaoloBrazil
  7. 7.Dipartimento di Fisica e GeologiaUniversità degli Studi di PerugiaPerugiaItaly
  8. 8.INFN, Sezione di PerugiaPerugiaItaly

Personalised recommendations