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New low-Q2 measurements of the \(\gamma^{\ast}N\rightarrow\Delta (1232)\) Coulomb quadrupole form factor, pion cloud parametrizations and Siegert’s theorem

  • G. Ramalho
Regular Article - Theoretical Physics

Abstract.

The novel measurements of the \(\gamma^{\ast} N \rightarrow \Delta(1232)\) Coulomb quadrupole form factor in the range \( Q^{2}=0.04-0.13\) GeV2 changed the trend of the previous data. With the new data the electric and Coulomb form factors are both in remarkable agreement with estimates of the pion cloud contributions to the quadrupole form factors at low \(Q^{2}\). The pion cloud contributions to the electric and Coulomb form factors can be parametrized by the relations \(G_{E} \propto G_{En}/(1 + \frac{Q^{2}}{2M_{\Delta}(M_{\Delta}-M)})\) and \(G_{C} \propto G_{En}\), where \(G_{En}\) is the neutron electric form factor, and M, \(M_{\Delta}\) are the nucleon and \(\Delta\) masses, respectively. Those parametrizations are in full agreement with Siegert’s theorem, which states that \(G_{E}= \frac{M_{\Delta}-M}{2M_{\Delta}} G_{C}\) at the pseudothreshold, when \( Q^{2}=-(M_{\Delta} -M)^{2}\), and improve previous parametrizations. Also a small valence quark component estimated by a covariant quark model contributes to this agreement. The combination of the new data with the new parametrization for \(G_{E}\) concludes an intense period of studying the \(\gamma^{\ast} N \rightarrow \Delta(1232)\) quadrupole form factors at low \( Q^{2}\), with the agreement between theory and data.

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Copyright information

© SIF, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratório de Física Teórica e Computacional - LFTCUniversidade Cruzeiro do SulSão PauloBrazil

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