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Electron-Ion Collider: The next QCD frontier

Understanding the glue that binds us all
  • A. Accardi
  • J. L. Albacete
  • M. Anselmino
  • N. Armesto
  • E. C. Aschenauer
  • A. Bacchetta
  • D. Boer
  • W. K. Brooks
  • T. Burton
  • N. -B. Chang
  • W. -T. Deng
  • A. Deshpande
  • M. Diehl
  • A. Dumitru
  • R. Dupré
  • R. Ent
  • S. Fazio
  • H. Gao
  • V. Guzey
  • H. Hakobyan
  • Y. Hao
  • D. Hasch
  • R. Holt
  • T. Horn
  • M. Huang
  • A. Hutton
  • C. Hyde
  • J. Jalilian-Marian
  • S. Klein
  • B. Kopeliovich
  • Y. Kovchegov
  • K. Kumar
  • K. Kumerički
  • M. A. C. Lamont
  • T. Lappi
  • J. -H. Lee
  • Y. Lee
  • E. M. Levin
  • F. -L. Lin
  • V. Litvinenko
  • T. W. Ludlam
  • C. Marquet
  • Z. -E. Meziani
  • R. McKeown
  • A. Metz
  • R. Milner
  • V. S. Morozov
  • A. H. Mueller
  • B. Müller
  • D. Müller
  • P. Nadel-Turonski
  • H. Paukkunen
  • A. Prokudin
  • V. Ptitsyn
  • X. Qian
  • J. -W. Qiu
  • M. Ramsey-Musolf
  • T. Roser
  • F. Sabatié
  • R. Sassot
  • G. Schnell
  • P. Schweitzer
  • E. Sichtermann
  • M. Stratmann
  • M. Strikman
  • M. Sullivan
  • S. Taneja
  • T. Toll
  • D. Trbojevic
  • T. Ullrich
  • R. Venugopalan
  • S. Vigdor
  • W. Vogelsang
  • C. Weiss
  • B. -W. Xiao
  • F. Yuan
  • Y. -H. Zhang
  • L. Zheng
Open Access
Review

Abstract.

This White Paper presents the science case of an Electron-Ion Collider (EIC), focused on the structure and interactions of gluon-dominated matter, with the intent to articulate it to the broader nuclear science community. It was commissioned by the managements of Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) and Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (JLab) with the objective of presenting a summary of scientific opportunities and goals of the EIC as a follow-up to the 2007 NSAC Long Range plan. This document is a culmination of a community-wide effort in nuclear science following a series of workshops on EIC physics over the past decades and, in particular, the focused ten-week program on “Gluons and quark sea at high energies” at the Institute for Nuclear Theory in Fall 2010. It contains a brief description of a few golden physics measurements along with accelerator and detector concepts required to achieve them. It has been benefited profoundly from inputs by the users’ communities of BNL and JLab. This White Paper offers the promise to propel the QCD science program in the US, established with the CEBAF accelerator at JLab and the RHIC collider at BNL, to the next QCD frontier.

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Accardi
    • 14
    • 28
  • J. L. Albacete
    • 16
  • M. Anselmino
    • 29
  • N. Armesto
    • 37
  • E. C. Aschenauer
    • 3
  • A. Bacchetta
    • 36
  • D. Boer
    • 33
  • W. K. Brooks
    • 38
  • T. Burton
    • 3
  • N. -B. Chang
    • 23
  • W. -T. Deng
    • 13
    • 23
  • A. Deshpande
    • 25
  • M. Diehl
    • 11
  • A. Dumitru
    • 2
  • R. Dupré
    • 7
  • R. Ent
    • 28
  • S. Fazio
    • 3
  • H. Gao
    • 12
  • V. Guzey
    • 28
  • H. Hakobyan
    • 38
  • Y. Hao
    • 3
  • D. Hasch
    • 15
  • R. Holt
    • 1
  • T. Horn
    • 5
  • M. Huang
    • 23
  • A. Hutton
    • 28
  • C. Hyde
    • 20
  • J. Jalilian-Marian
    • 2
  • S. Klein
    • 17
  • B. Kopeliovich
    • 38
  • Y. Kovchegov
    • 19
  • K. Kumar
    • 25
  • K. Kumerički
    • 40
  • M. A. C. Lamont
    • 3
  • T. Lappi
    • 34
  • J. -H. Lee
    • 3
  • Y. Lee
    • 3
  • E. M. Levin
    • 26
    • 38
  • F. -L. Lin
    • 28
  • V. Litvinenko
    • 3
  • T. W. Ludlam
    • 3
  • C. Marquet
    • 8
  • Z. -E. Meziani
    • 27
  • R. McKeown
    • 28
  • A. Metz
    • 27
  • R. Milner
    • 18
  • V. S. Morozov
    • 28
  • A. H. Mueller
    • 9
  • B. Müller
    • 3
    • 12
  • D. Müller
    • 22
  • P. Nadel-Turonski
    • 28
  • H. Paukkunen
    • 34
  • A. Prokudin
    • 28
  • V. Ptitsyn
    • 3
  • X. Qian
    • 4
  • J. -W. Qiu
    • 3
  • M. Ramsey-Musolf
    • 35
  • T. Roser
    • 3
  • F. Sabatié
    • 7
  • R. Sassot
    • 31
  • G. Schnell
    • 30
  • P. Schweitzer
    • 32
  • E. Sichtermann
    • 17
  • M. Stratmann
    • 39
  • M. Strikman
    • 21
  • M. Sullivan
    • 24
  • S. Taneja
    • 10
    • 25
  • T. Toll
    • 3
  • D. Trbojevic
    • 3
  • T. Ullrich
    • 3
  • R. Venugopalan
    • 3
  • S. Vigdor
    • 3
  • W. Vogelsang
    • 39
  • C. Weiss
    • 28
  • B. -W. Xiao
    • 6
  • F. Yuan
    • 17
  • Y. -H. Zhang
    • 28
  • L. Zheng
    • 3
    • 6
  1. 1.Argonne National LaboratoryArgonneUSA
  2. 2.CUNYBaruch CollegeNew YorkUSA
  3. 3.Brookhaven National LaboratoryUptonUSA
  4. 4.California Institute of TechnologyPasadenaUSA
  5. 5.The Catholic University of AmericaN.E. WashingtonUSA
  6. 6.Central China Normal UniversityWuhan, HubeiChina
  7. 7.CEACentre de SaclayGif-sur-YvetteFrance
  8. 8.CERNGenevaSwitzerland
  9. 9.Columbia UniversityNew YorkUSA
  10. 10.Dalhousie UniversityHalifaxCanada
  11. 11.DESYHamburgGermany
  12. 12.Duke UniversityDurhamUSA
  13. 13.FIASFrankfurt UniversityFrankfurtGermany
  14. 14.Hampton UniversityHamptonUSA
  15. 15.LNFINFNFrascatiItaly
  16. 16.IPNOUniversité Paris-Sud 11, CNRS/IN2P3OrsayFrance
  17. 17.Lawrence Berkeley National LaboratoryBerkeleyUSA
  18. 18.Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridgeUSA
  19. 19.The Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA
  20. 20.Old Dominion UniversityNorfolkUSA
  21. 21.Pennsylvania State UniversityPhiladelphiaUSA
  22. 22.Ruhr-University BochumBochumGermany
  23. 23.Shandong UniversityShandongChina
  24. 24.Stanford Linear Accelerator CenterMenlo ParkUSA
  25. 25.Stony Brook UniversityStony BrookUSA
  26. 26.Tel Aviv UniversityTel AvivIsrael
  27. 27.Temple UniversityPhiladelphiaUSA
  28. 28.Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator FacilityNewport NewsUSA
  29. 29.INFNTorino UniversityTorinoItaly
  30. 30.University of Basque CountryBilbaoSpain
  31. 31.University of Buenos AiresBuenos AiresArgentina
  32. 32.University of ConnecticutStorrsUSA
  33. 33.University of GroningenGroningenThe Netherlands
  34. 34.University of JyvaskylaJyvaskylaFinland
  35. 35.University of Massachusetts at AmherstAmherstUSA
  36. 36.University of PaviaPaviaItaly
  37. 37.University of Santiago de CampostelaSantiago de CompostelaSpain
  38. 38.Universidad Técnica Federico Santa MariaValparaısoChile
  39. 39.University of TübingenTübingenGermany
  40. 40.University of ZagrebZagrebCroatia

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