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Particular aspects related to the even-odd effects in prompt emission

  • A. Tudora
  • F. -J. Hambsch
  • G. Giubega
Regular Article - Theoretical Physics

Abstract.

The present paper focuses on several particular aspects related to the even-odd effects in prompt emission in fission synthesized as follows: 1) The even-odd effects in prompt emission are the result of two contributions, a dominant one due to the even-odd nuclear character of fission fragments reflected in their properties and consequently in the emitted prompt neutrons and gammas, and a weaker contribution brought by the even-odd effect in the fragment distribution (over which the prompt emission matrices are averaged). Oscillations with a periodicity of about 5 mass units are present in different prompt emission quantities corresponding to even-Z and odd-Z fragmentations independent of the size of the even-odd effect in the charge yield Y(Z) . 2) The oscillation periodicity \(\Delta A\approx 5\) in the charge polarization \(\Delta Z(A)\) and rms(A) of the isobaric charge distribution as well as in the fragment mass yields Y(A) of even-Z and odd-Z fragmentations is also due to the periodicity of nuclear properties being independent of the size of the even-odd effect in Y(Z) . Only the magnitude of the oscillation amplitudes of \(\Delta Z(A)\) , rms(A) and Y(A) of even-Z and odd-Z fragmentations reflects in different ways the size of the even-odd effect in Y(Z) . 3) Not only the basic features of the global even-odd effect in fragment yields and prompt emission are the same but also the local even-odd effect in prompt emission --reported for the first time in this paper-- exhibits the same behaviour as the experimental data of the local even-odd effect in Y(Z) . 4) A correlation between the even-odd effect in Y(Z) and prompt emission quantities (e.g., \(\nu(Z)\) exists. This interrelation is through the nuclear properties of the fission fragments. The presence of oscillations with a period \(\Delta A\approx 5\) in both Y(A) and prompt emission quantities corresponding to even-Z and odd-Z fragmentations cannot be directly linked to the size of the even-odd effect in Y(Z) .

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Copyright information

© SIF, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of PhysicsUniversity of BucharestBucharest MagureleRomania
  2. 2.EC-JRC Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements (IRMM)GeelBelgium
  3. 3.Plasma and Radiation PhysicsNational Institute for LaserBucharest MagureleRomania

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