Advertisement

Alive and well: A short review about standard solar models

  • Aldo SerenelliEmail author
Review
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Underground nuclear astrophysics and solar neutrinos: Impact on astrophysics, solar and neutrino physics

Abstract.

Standard solar models (SSMs) provide a reference framework across a number of research fields: solar and stellar models, solar neutrinos, particle physics the most conspicuous among them. The accuracy of the physical description of the global properties of the Sun that SSMs provide has been challenged in the last decade by a number of developments in stellar spectroscopic techniques. Over the same period of time, solar neutrino experiments, and Borexino in particular, have measured the four solar neutrino fluxes from the pp-chains that are associated with 99% of the nuclear energy generated in the Sun. Borexino has also set the most stringent limit on CNO energy generation, only ∼ 40% larger than predicted by SSMs. More recently, and for the first time, radiative opacity experiments have been performed at conditions that closely resemble those at the base of the solar convective envelope. In this article, we review these developments and discuss the current status of SSMs, including its intrinsic limitations.

Keywords

Solar Neutrino Solar Model Solar Photosphere Solar Interior Solar Abundance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    J. Christensen-Dalsgaard, W. Dappen, S.V. Ajukov et al., Science 272, 1286 (1996)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    J.N. Bahcall, S. Basu, M.H. Pinsonneault, Phys. Lett. B 433, 1 (1998)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Q.R. Ahmad, R.C. Allen, T.C. Andersen et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 011301 (2002)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    G. Bellini, J. Benziger, D. Bick et al., Phys. Rev. D 89, 112007 (2014)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    M. Maltoni, A.Y. Smirnov, Solar neutrinos and neutrino physics, contribution to this Topical IssueGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    M. Asplund, N. Grevesse, A.J. Sauval, P. Scott, Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 47, 481 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    E. Caffau, H.-G. Ludwig, M. Steffen, B. Freytag, P. Bonifacio, Solar Phys. 268, 255 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    N. Grevesse, A. Noels, Cosmic abundances of the elements, in Origin and Evolution of the Elements (1993) p. 15Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    N. Grevesse, A.J. Sauval, Space Sci. Rev. 85, 161 (1998)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    J.N. Bahcall, A.M. Serenelli, S. Basu, Astrophys. J. Lett. 621, L85 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    J. Montalbán, A. Miglio, A. Noels, N. Grevesse, M.P. di Mauro, SOHO 14/GONG 2004: Meeting Helio- and Asteroseismology: Towards a Golden Future, 559, 574Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    S. Turck-Chièze, S. Couvidat, L. Piau et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 211102 (2004)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    M. Asplund, N. Grevesse, A.J. Sauval, ASP Conf. Ser. 336, 25 (2005) in Cosmic Abundances as Records of Stellar Evolution and NucleosynthesisADSGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    E.G. Adelberger, A. García, R.G.H. Robertson et al., Rev. Mod. Phys. 83, 195 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    N.R. Badnell, M.A. Bautista, K. Butler et al., Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 360, 458 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    C. Blancard, P. Cossé, G. Faussurier, Astrophys. J. 745, 10 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    J.E. Bailey, T. Nagayama, G.P. Loisel et al., Nature 517, 56 (2015)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    V.A. Baturin, S.V. Ayukov, V.K. Gryaznov et al., Prog. Phys. Sun Stars 479, 11 (2013)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    J.N. Bahcall, M.H. Pinsonneault, S. Basu, Astrophys. J. 555, 990 (2001)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    F.J. Rogers, A. Nayfonov, Astrophys. J. 576, 1064 (2002)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    J.W. Ferguson, D.R. Alexander, F. Allard et al., Astrophys. J. 623, 585 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    A.A. Thoul, J.N. Bahcall, A. Loeb, Astrophys. J. 421, 828 (1994)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    R. Kippenhahn, A. Weigert, Stellar Structure and Evolution (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, 1990)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    K.S. Krishna Swamy, Astrophys. J. 145, 174 (1966)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    P. Scott, N. Grevesse, M. Asplund et al., Astron. Astrophys. 573, A25 (2015)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    P. Scott, M. Asplund, N. Grevesse, M. Bergemann, A.J. Sauval, Astron. Astrophys. 573, A26 (2015)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    B. Beeck, R. Collet, M. Steffen et al., Astron. Astrophys. 539, A121 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    K. Lodders, H. Palme, H.-P. Gail, Solar System, Landolt Börnstein, New Ser. VI, Astron. Astrophys., Vol. 4B (Springer Verlag, Berlin, 2009) Chapt. 4.4, pp. 712--770Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    A.M. Serenelli, S. Basu, J.W. Ferguson, M. Asplund, Astrophys. J. Lett. 705, L123 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    J.N. Bahcall, M.H. Pinsonneault, G.J. Wasserburg, Rev. Mod. Phys. 67, 781 (1995)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    D.O. Gough, A.G. Kosovichev, J. Toomre et al., Science 272, 1296 (1996)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    J. Christensen-Dalsgaard, Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 1073 (2002)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    S. Basu, H.M. Antia, Phys. Rep. 457, 217 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    I.W. Roxburgh, S.V. Vorontsov, Astron. Astrophys. 411, 215 (2003)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    H. Otí Floranes, J. Christensen-Dalsgaard, M.J. Thompson, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 356, 671 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    J.N. Bahcall, A.M. Serenelli, S. Basu, Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 165, 400 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    S. Basu, H.M. Antia, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 287, 189 (1997)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    S. Basu, H.M. Antia, Astrophys. J. Lett. 606, L85 (2004)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    J. Christensen-Dalsgaard, M.P. di Mauro, G. Houdek, F. Pijpers, Astron. Astrophys. 494, 205 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    H.M. Antia, S. Basu, Astrophys. J. Lett. 620, L129 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    H.M. Antia, S. Basu, Astrophys. J. 644, 1292 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    F. Delahaye, M.H. Pinsonneault, Astrophys. J. 649, 529 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    F. Delahaye, M.H. Pinsonneault, L. Pinsonneault, C.J. Zeippen, arXiv:1005.0423 (2010)
  44. 44.
    M. Bergemann, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 413, 2184 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    M. Castro, S. Vauclair, O. Richard, Astron. Astrophys. 463, 755 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    J.A. Guzik, K. Mussack, Astrophys. J. 713, 1108 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    A.M. Serenelli, W.C. Haxton, C. Peña-Garay, Astrophys. J. 743, 24 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    S. Basu, W.J. Chaplin, Y. Elsworth et al., Astrophys. J. 655, 660 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    W.J. Chaplin, A.M. Serenelli, S. Basu et al., Astrophys. J. 670, 872 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    C.-H. Lin, H.M. Antia, S. Basu, Astrophys. J. 668, 603 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    S.V. Vorontsov, V.A. Baturin, S.V. Ayukov, V.K. Gryaznov, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 430, 1636 (2013)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    A.H. Gabriel, G. Grec, J. Charra et al., Solar Phys. 162, 61 (1995)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    R.A. García, S. Turck-Chièze, S.J. Jiménez-Reyes et al., Science 316, 1591 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    T. Appourchaux, K. Belkacem, A.-M. Broomhall et al., Astron. Astrophys. Rev. 18, 197 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    F.L. Villante, Astrophys. J. 724, 98 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    F.L. Villante, A.M. Serenelli, F. Delahaye, M.H. Pinsonneault, Astrophys. J. 787, 13 (2014)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    C.A. Iglesias, F.J. Rogers, Astrophys. J. 464, 943 (1996)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    C.A. Iglesias, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 450, 2 (2015)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    W.C. Haxton, R.G. Hamish Robertson, A.M. Serenelli, Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 51, 21 (2013)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    H. Costantini, A. Formicola, G. Imbriani et al., Rep. Prog. Phys. 72, 086301 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    C. Broggini, D. Bemmerer, A. Guglielmetti, R. Menegazzo, Annu. Rev. Nucl. Part. Sci. 60, 53 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    E.G. Adelberger, S.M. Austin, J.N. Bahcall et al., Rev. Mod. Phys. 70, 1265 (1998)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. 63.
    C. Angulo, M. Arnould, M. Rayet et al., Nucl. Phys. A 656, 3 (1999)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    C. Angulo, P. Descouvemont, Nucl. Phys. A 690, 755 (2001)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    F.L. Villante, Phys. Lett. B 742, 279 (2015)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    B. Aharmim, S.N. Ahmed, A.E. Anthony et al., Phys. Rev. C 72, 055502 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    B. Aharmim, S.N. Ahmed, J.M. Amsbaugh et al., Phys. Rev. C 87, 015502 (2013)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. 68.
    B. Aharmim, S.N. Ahmed, A.E. Anthony et al., Phys. Rev. C 88, 025501 (2013)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    J. Hosaka, K. Ishihara, J. Kameda et al., Phys. Rev. D 73, 112001 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. 70.
    J.P. Cravens, K. Abe, T. Iida et al., Phys. Rev. D 78, 032002 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. 71.
    K. Abe, Y. Hayato, T. Iida et al., Phys. Rev. D 83, 052010 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. 72.
    C. Arpesella, H.O. Back, M. Balata et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 091302 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
    G. Bellini, J. Benziger, D. Bick et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 141302 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. 74.
    J.N. Bahcall, C. Peña-Garay, JHEP 11, 004 (2003)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. 75.
    M.C. González-Garcá, M. Maltoni, J. Salvado, JHEP 5, 72 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. 76.
    G. Bellini, J. Benziger, D. Bick et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 051302 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. 77.
    G. Bellini, J. Benziger et al., Nature 512, 383 (2014)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. 78.
    J.N. Bahcall, A. Ulmer, Phys. Rev. D 53, 4202 (1996)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. 79.
    W.C. Haxton, A.M. Serenelli, Astrophys. J. 687, 678 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. 80.
    A. Serenelli, C. Peña-Garay, W.C. Haxton, Phys. Rev. D 87, 043001 (2013)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. 81.
    S. Turck-Chièze, S. Couvidat, Rep. Prog. Phys. 74, 086901 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. 82.
    D.O. Gough, Space Sci. Rev. 196, 15 (2015) arXiv:1505.04881 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. 83.
    H. Schlattl, A. Weiss, Astron. Astrophys. 347, 272 (1999)ADSGoogle Scholar
  84. 84.
    R. Andrássy, H.C. Spruit, Astron. Astrophys. 559, A122 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. 85.
    H.M. Antia, S.M. Chitre, Astron. Astrophys. 339, 239 (1998)ADSGoogle Scholar
  86. 86.
    J. Christensen-Dalsgaard, M.J.P.F.G. Monteiro, M. Rempel, M.J. Thompson, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 414, 1158 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. 87.
    M.J. Thompson, J. Christensen-Dalsgaard, M.S. Miesch, J. Toomre, Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 41, 599 (2003)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. 88.
    A. Eff-Darwich, S.G. Korzennik, S.J. Jiménez-Reyes, R.A. García, Astrophys. J. 679, 1636 (2003)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. 89.
    M.H. Pinsonneault, S.D. Kawaler, S. Sofia, P. Demarque, Astrophys. J. 338, 42 (1989)ADSGoogle Scholar
  90. 90.
    A. Palacios, S. Talon, S. Turck-Chièze, C. Charbonnel, Proceedings of SOHO 18/GONG 2006/HELAS I, Beyond the Spherical Sun, Vol. 624 (2006) 38Google Scholar
  91. 91.
    S. Turck-Chièze, A. Palacios, J.P. Marques, P.A.P. Nghiem, Astrophys. J. 715, 1539 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. 92.
    T. M. Rogers, K.B. MacGregor, G.A. Glatzmaier, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 387, 616 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. 93.
    A.S. Brun, M.S. Miesch, J. Toomre, Astrophys. J. 742, 79 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. 94.
    L. Alvan, A.S. Brun, S. Mathis, Astron. Astrophys. 565, A42 (2014)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© SIF, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Instituto de Ciencias del Espacio (ICE/CSIC-IEEC)Campus UAB, Carrer de Can Magrans S/NCerdanyola del VallesSpain

Personalised recommendations