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Hyperon puzzle, hadron-quark crossover and massive neutron stars

  • Kota MasudaEmail author
  • Tetsuo Hatsuda
  • Tatsuyuki Takatsuka
Review
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Exotic Matter in Neutron Stars

Abstract.

Bulk properties of cold and hot neutron stars are studied on the basis of the hadron-quark crossover picture where a smooth transition from the hadronic phase to the quark phase takes place at finite baryon density. By using a phenomenological equation of state (EOS) “CRover”, which interpolates the two phases at around 3 times the nuclear matter density ( \( \rho_{0}\), it is found that the cold NSs with the gravitational mass larger than \( 2M_{\odot}\) can be sustained. This is in sharp contrast to the case of the first-order hadron-quark transition. The radii of the cold NSs with the CRover EOS are in the narrow range \( (12.5 \pm 0.5)\) km which is insensitive to the NS masses. Due to the stiffening of the EOS induced by the hadron-quark crossover, the central density of the NSs is at most 4 \( \rho_{0}\) and the hyperon-mixing barely occurs inside the NS core. This constitutes a solution of the long-standing hyperon puzzle. The effect of color superconductivity (CSC) on the NS structures is also examined with the hadron-quark crossover. For the typical strength of the diquark attraction, a slight softening of the EOS due to two-flavor CSC (2SC) takes place and the maximum mass is reduced by about \( 0.2M_{\odot}\). The CRover EOS is generalized to the supernova matter at finite temperature to describe the hot NSs at birth. The hadron-quark crossover is found to decrease the central temperature of the hot NSs under isentropic condition. The gravitational energy release and the spin-up rate during the contraction from the hot NS to the cold NS are also estimated.

Keywords

Neutron Star Quark Matter Baryon Density Hadronic Matter Crossover Region 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© SIF, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kota Masuda
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Tetsuo Hatsuda
    • 2
    • 3
  • Tatsuyuki Takatsuka
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsThe University of TokyoTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Theoretical Research DivisionNishina Center, RIKENWakoJapan
  3. 3.Kavli IPMU (WPI)The University of TokyoChibaJapan

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