Advertisement

Light nuclei in the vicinity of the dripline and beyond

  • L. V. Chulkov
  • B. JonsonEmail author
  • M. V. Zhukov
Review

Abstract

After a brief historical overview of the field of physics with radioactive beams, we give an update of the most recent experimental achievements for nuclei at or beyond the nuclear driplines. Long-lived exotic nuclear states are discussed including multi-nucleon radioactivity and exotic isomers. Studies of correlations between decay products in three-body decays and analysis in a Jacobi-coordinate framework are discussed with special emphasis on the difficulty in the interpretations of data obtained in different reactions. We give examples of systematic studies that the vast amount of now existing data allows, such as shell closures, competition between single-particle states in isotopes, isotones and mirror nuclei. The Thomas-Ehrman shift, Garvey-Kelson-type mass relations and IMME analysis of isobaric multiplets with isospin \( T = 3/2\) and 2 are also discussed as well as alternative interpretations in certain cases.

Keywords

Charge Radius Branch Ratio Exotic Nucleus Halo Nucleus Neutron Separation Energy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    O. Kofoed-Hansen, K.O. Nielsen, Phys. Rev. 82, 96 (1951) Kgl. Dan. Vidensk. Selsk. Mat. Fys. Medd. 26ADSGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    K. Blaum, M.J.G. Borge, B. Jonson, P. Van Duppen, in 60 Years of CERN Experiments and Discoveries, edited by H. Schopper, L. Di Lella, Advanced series on Directions in High Energy Physics, Vol. 23 (World Scientific, 2015) p. 415Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    W. Forsling, C.J. Herrlander, H. Ryde (Editors), Proceedings of the Lysiekil Coneferce, in Arkiv för Fysik, Vol. 36, (1967) 1-686Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    J. Blomqvist, Ark. Fysi. 36, 681 (1967)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    T.J.M. Symons et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 42, 40 (1979)ADSGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    G.D. Westfall et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 43, 1859 (1979)ADSGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    H. Geissel, G. Münzenberg, K. Riisager, Annu. Rev. Nucl. Part. Sci. 45, 163 (1995)ADSGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    H. Geissel, M. Huyse, G. Münzenberg, P. Van Duppen, Exotic Nuclear Beam Facilities, in Encyclopedia of Applied Physics (Wiley, 2014) pp. 159-212, Doi: 10.1002/9783527600434.eap708Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    I. Tanihata et al., Phys. Lett. B 160, 380 (1985)ADSGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    I. Tanihata et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2676 (1985)ADSGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    T. Kobayashi et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 2599 (1988)ADSGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    N.A. Orr et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2050 (1992)ADSGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    E. Arnold et al., Phys. Lett. B 197, 311 (1987)ADSGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    E. Arnold et al., Phys. Lett. B 281, 16 (1992)ADSGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    R. Anne et al., Phys. Lett. B 250, 19 (1990)ADSGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    F. Humbert et al., Phys. Lett. B 347, 198 (1995)ADSGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    P.G. Hansen, B. Jonson, Europhys. Lett. 4, 409 (1987)ADSGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    M.V. Zhukov et al., Phys. Rep. 251, 151 (1993)ADSGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    N.A. Baas et al., Phys. At. Nucl. 77, 336 (2014)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    I.J. Thompson, M.V. Zhukov, Phys. Rev. C 49, 1904 (1994)ADSGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    M. Zinzer et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1719 (1995)ADSGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    H. Simon et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 496 (1995)ADSGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    D. Darquennes et al., Phys. Rev. C 42, R804 (1990)ADSGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    P. Delrock et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 808 (1991)ADSGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Y. Blumenfeld, T. Nilsson, P. Van Duppen, Phys. Scr. T 152, 014023 (2013)ADSGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    C. Fahlander, B. Jonson (Editors), Nobel Symposium 152: Physics with Radioactive Beams, in Physica Scripta, Vol. T152 (IOP, 2013)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    M. Thoennessen, At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 98, 43 (2012)ADSGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    M. Thoennessen, At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 98, 933 (2012)ADSGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    M. Thoennessen, Int. J. Mod. Phys. E 23, 1430002 (2014)ADSGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    M. Thoennessen, Int. J. Mod. Phys. E 24, 153002 (2015)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    F. Wamers et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 132502 (2014)ADSGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    K. Blaum et al., Phys. Scr. T 152, 014017 (2013)ADSGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    M. Smith et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 202501 (2008)ADSGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    M. Brodeur et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 052504 (2012)ADSGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    A. Chaudhuri et al., EPJ Web of Conferences 66, 02030 (2014)Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    A. Chaudhuri et al., Phys. Rev. C 88, 054317 (2013)ADSGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    T. Moriguchi et al., Phys. Rev. C 88, 024610 (2013)ADSGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    H.T. Fortune, Phys. Rev. C 91, 017303 (2015)ADSGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    N. Shulgina, B. Jonson, M.V. Zhukov, Nucl. Phys. A 825, 175 (2009)ADSGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    T. Nakamura et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 262501 (2009)ADSGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    T. Nakamura et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 142501 (2014)ADSGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    N. Kobayashi et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 242501 (2014)ADSGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    M. Takechi et al., Phys. Lett. B 707, 357 (2012)ADSGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    M. Takechi et al., Phys. Rev. C 90, 061305 (2014)ADSGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    S.R. Neumaier et al., Nucl. Phys. A 712, 247 (2002)ADSGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    S. Ilieva et al., Nucl. Phys. A 875, 8 (2012)ADSGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    W. Nörterhäuser, C. Geppert, Lect. Notes Phys. 879, 233 (2014)Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    W. Nörterhäuser et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 062503 (2009)Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    A. Krieger et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 142501 (2012)ADSGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Z.-T. Lu et al., Rev. Mod. Phys. 85, 1383 (2013)ADSGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    A. Ozawa, T. Suzuki, I. Tanihata, Nucl. Phys. A 693, 32 (2001)ADSGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    G.D. Alkhazov, I.S. Novikov, Yu.M. Shabelski, Int. J. Mod. Phys. E 20, 583 (2011)ADSGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    F. Humbert et al., Phys. Lett. B 347, 198 (1995)ADSGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    T. Aumann et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 35 (2000)ADSGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    A. Ozawa et al., Phys. Rev. C 84, 064315 (2011)ADSGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    H. Simon et al., Nucl. Phys. A 791, 267 (2007)ADSGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    Y. Kondo et al., Phys. Lett. B 690, 245 (2010)ADSGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    S. Shimoura et al., Phys. Lett. B 654, 87 (2007)ADSGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    Yu. Aksyutina et al., Phys. Lett. B 720, 344 (2013)Google Scholar
  60. 60.
    P.G. Hansen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1016 (1996)ADSGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    K. Hagino, N. Takahashi, H. Sagawa, Phys. Rev. C 77, 054317 (2008)ADSGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    Yu. Aksyutina et al., Phys. Lett. B 666, 439 (2008)ADSGoogle Scholar
  63. 63.
    Yu. Aksyutina et al., Phys. Rev. C 87, 064316 (2013)ADSGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    M. Pfützner et al., Phys. Scr. T 152, 014014 (2013)ADSGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    V. Goldansky, Nucl. Phys. 19, 482 (1960)Google Scholar
  66. 66.
    M. Pfützner et al., Eur. Phys. J. A 14, 279 (2002)ADSGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    J. Giovinazzo et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 102501 (2002)ADSGoogle Scholar
  68. 68.
    E. Olsen et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 222501 (2013)ADSGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    L.V. Grigorenko et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 22 (2000)ADSGoogle Scholar
  70. 70.
    L.V. Grigorenko, M.V. Zhukov, Phys. Rev. C 68, 054005 (2003)ADSGoogle Scholar
  71. 71.
    V. Goldanskii, Phys. Lett. 14, 233 (1965)ADSGoogle Scholar
  72. 72.
    O.V. Bochkarev, Nucl. Phys. A 505, 215 (1989)ADSGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
    M. Wang et al., Chi. Phys. C 36, 1603 (2012)ADSGoogle Scholar
  74. 74.
    I. Mukha et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 182501 (2007)ADSGoogle Scholar
  75. 75.
    I. Mukha et al., Phys. Rev. C 77, 061303 (2008)ADSGoogle Scholar
  76. 76.
    K. Miernik et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 192501 (2007)ADSGoogle Scholar
  77. 77.
    M. Pomorski et al., Phys. Rev. C 83, 061303 (2011)ADSGoogle Scholar
  78. 78.
    P. Ascher et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 102502 (2011)ADSGoogle Scholar
  79. 79.
    L.V. Grigorenko, I.G. Mukha, M.V. Zhukov, Nucl. Phys. A 740, 372 (2003) 740ADSGoogle Scholar
  80. 80.
    L.V. Grigorenko, Yu.L. Parfenova, M.V. Zhukov, Phys. Rev. C 71, 051604 (2005)ADSGoogle Scholar
  81. 81.
    K. Riisager, Phys. Scr. T 152, 014001 (2013)ADSGoogle Scholar
  82. 82.
    M. Assié et al., Phys. Lett. B 712, 198 (2012)ADSGoogle Scholar
  83. 83.
    H.T. Fortune, R. Sherr, Phys. Rev. C 85, 051302 (2012)ADSGoogle Scholar
  84. 84.
    M.J. Chromik et al., Phys. Rev. C 66, 24313 (2002)ADSGoogle Scholar
  85. 85.
    T. Zerguerras et al., Eur. Phys. J. A 20, 389 (2004)ADSGoogle Scholar
  86. 86.
    G. Raciti et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 192503 (2008)ADSGoogle Scholar
  87. 87.
    X.X. Xu et al., Phys. Lett. B 727, 126 (1988)ADSGoogle Scholar
  88. 88.
    Z. Spyrou et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 102501 (2012)ADSGoogle Scholar
  89. 89.
    F.M. Marqués et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 239201 (2012)ADSGoogle Scholar
  90. 90.
    Z. Spyrou et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 239202 (2012)ADSGoogle Scholar
  91. 91.
    H.T. Johanson et al., Nucl. Phys. A 847, 66 (2010)ADSGoogle Scholar
  92. 92.
    Z. Kholey et al., Phys. Rev. C 87, 011304 (2013)ADSGoogle Scholar
  93. 93.
    F. Flavigny et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 252501 (2012)ADSGoogle Scholar
  94. 94.
    L.V. Grigorenko et al., Phys. Rev. C 84, 021303 (2011)ADSGoogle Scholar
  95. 95.
    C. Caesar et al., Phys. Rev. C 88, 034313 (2013)ADSGoogle Scholar
  96. 96.
    M. Thoennessen et al., Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 729, 207 (2013)ADSGoogle Scholar
  97. 97.
    Z. Kohley et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 152501 (2013)ADSGoogle Scholar
  98. 98.
    S. Shimoura et al., Phys. Lett. B 560, 31 (2003)ADSGoogle Scholar
  99. 99.
    R. Meharchand et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 122501 (2012)ADSGoogle Scholar
  100. 100.
    H.T. Fortune, R. Sherr, Phys. Rev. C 74, 024301 (2006)ADSGoogle Scholar
  101. 101.
    D. Nishimura et al., EPJ Web of Conferences 66, 02072 (2014)Google Scholar
  102. 102.
    J. Marganiec et al., Eur. Phys. J. A 51, 9 (2015)ADSGoogle Scholar
  103. 103.
    L.M. Delves, Nucl. Phys. 20, 275 (1960)Google Scholar
  104. 104.
    L.V. Chulkov et al., Nucl. Phys. A 759, 23 (2005)ADSGoogle Scholar
  105. 105.
    M. Meister et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 162504 (2003)ADSGoogle Scholar
  106. 106.
    H.T. Johanson et al., Nucl. Phys. A 847, 66 (2010)ADSGoogle Scholar
  107. 107.
    P.G. Sharov, I.A. Egorova, L.V. Grigorenko, Phys. Rev. C 90, 024610 (2014)ADSGoogle Scholar
  108. 108.
    S.I. Sidorchuk et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 202502 (2012)ADSGoogle Scholar
  109. 109.
    S.I. Sidorchuk et al., Bul. Rus. Acad. Sci. Phys. 77, 355 (2013) Izv. Akad. Nauk. RAS, Ser. Fiz. 77Google Scholar
  110. 110.
    J.A. Kuehner, Phys. Rev. 125, 1650 (1962)ADSGoogle Scholar
  111. 111.
    L.V. Chulkov et al., Phys. Lett. B 720, 344 (2013)ADSGoogle Scholar
  112. 112.
    H.T. Fortune, Phys. Rev. C 88, 034328 (2013)ADSGoogle Scholar
  113. 113.
    H.T. Fortune, Phys. Rev. C 91, 034306 (2015)ADSGoogle Scholar
  114. 114.
    M.S. Golovkov et al., Phys. Lett. B 672, 22 (2009)ADSGoogle Scholar
  115. 115.
    A.N. Ostrowski et al., Phys. Lett. B 338, 13 (1994)ADSGoogle Scholar
  116. 116.
    A.A. Korsheninnikov et al., Phys. Lett. B 326, 31 (1994)ADSGoogle Scholar
  117. 117.
    T. Kobayashi et al., Nucl. Phys. A 616, 223 (1997)ADSGoogle Scholar
  118. 118.
    H.T. Johansson et al., Nucl. Phys. A 842, 15 (2010)ADSGoogle Scholar
  119. 119.
    Z. Kohley et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 232501 (2012)ADSGoogle Scholar
  120. 120.
    A. Matta, PhD thesis, Université Paris-Sud XI (2012). https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00684544
  121. 121.
    F. James, M. Roos, Comput. Phys. Commun. 10, 343 (1975)ADSGoogle Scholar
  122. 122.
    H.T. Fortune, C.-B. Liu, D.E. Alburger, Phys. Rev. C 50, 1355 (1994)ADSGoogle Scholar
  123. 123.
    L.V. Grigorenko, M.V. Zhukov, Phys. Rev. C 77, 034611 (2008)ADSGoogle Scholar
  124. 124.
    D. Overway et al., Nucl. Phys. A 366, 299 (1981)ADSGoogle Scholar
  125. 125.
    M.D. Jones et al., Phys. Rev. C 91, 044312 (2015)ADSGoogle Scholar
  126. 126.
    E. Uberseder, arXiv:1504.00879v1 [nucl-ex] (2015)
  127. 127.
    M.F. Jager et al., Phys. Rev. C 86, 011304 (2012)ADSGoogle Scholar
  128. 128.
    E. Casarejos et al., Phys. Rev. C 73, 014319 (2006)ADSGoogle Scholar
  129. 129.
    R.J. Charity et al., Phys. Rev. C 82, 041304 (2010)ADSGoogle Scholar
  130. 130.
    K.W. Brown et al., Phys. Rev. C 90, 027304 (2014)ADSGoogle Scholar
  131. 131.
    R.J. Charity et al., Phys. Rev. C 84, 014320 (2011)ADSGoogle Scholar
  132. 132.
    B.E. Grinyuk, I.V. Simenon, Phys. At. Nucl. 77, 415 (2014)Google Scholar
  133. 133.
    N. Curtis et al., Phys. Rev. C 77, 021301 (2008) 82ADSGoogle Scholar
  134. 134.
    R. Mohan, M. Danos, L.C. Biedenharn, Phys. Rev. C 3, 1740 (1971)ADSGoogle Scholar
  135. 135.
    N. Paar, D. Vretenar, P. Ring, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 182501 (2005)ADSGoogle Scholar
  136. 136.
    T. Aumann, T. Nakamura, Phys. Scr. T 152, 014012 (2013)ADSGoogle Scholar
  137. 137.
    D. Savran, T. Aumann, A. Zilges, Prog. Part. Nucl. Phys. 70, 210 (2013)ADSGoogle Scholar
  138. 138.
    D. Mikami, W. Horiuchi, Y. Suzuki, Phys. Rev. C 89, 064303 (2014)ADSGoogle Scholar
  139. 139.
    R. Kanungo et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 192502 (2015)ADSGoogle Scholar
  140. 140.
    B. Pritychenko, arXiv:1312.5975v1 (2013)
  141. 141.
    R. Kanungo, Phys. Scr. T 152, 014002 (2013)ADSGoogle Scholar
  142. 142.
    D. Lunney, J.M. Pearson, C. Thibault, Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 1021 (2003)ADSGoogle Scholar
  143. 143.
    D. Suzuki et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 152503 (2009)ADSGoogle Scholar
  144. 144.
    I. Talmi, I. Unna, Phys. Rev. Lett. 4, 469 (1960)ADSGoogle Scholar
  145. 145.
    M. Chartier et al., Phys. Lett. B 510, 24 (2001)ADSGoogle Scholar
  146. 146.
    L. Chen et al., Phys. Lett. B 505, 21 (2001)ADSGoogle Scholar
  147. 147.
    S. Bedoor et al., Phys. Rev. C 88, 011304 (2013)ADSGoogle Scholar
  148. 148.
    I. Stefan et al., Phys. Rev. C 90, 014307 (2014)ADSGoogle Scholar
  149. 149.
    J.B. Ehrman, Phys. Rev. 81, 412 (1951)ADSGoogle Scholar
  150. 150.
    R.G. Thomas, Phys. Rev. 88, 412 (1952)Google Scholar
  151. 151.
    F.C. Barker, N. Ferdous, Aust. J. Phys. 33, 691 (1980)ADSGoogle Scholar
  152. 152.
    H.T. Fortune, Phys. Rev. C 88, 024309 (2013)ADSGoogle Scholar
  153. 153.
    V.Z. Goldberg et al., Phys. Lett. B 692, 307 (2010)ADSGoogle Scholar
  154. 154.
    Y.B. Wang et al., Phys. Rev. C 77, 044304 (2008)ADSGoogle Scholar
  155. 155.
    A. García et al., Phys. Rev. C 43, 2012 (1991)ADSGoogle Scholar
  156. 156.
    F. de Oliviera Santos et al., Eur. Phys. J. A 24, 237 (2012)ADSGoogle Scholar
  157. 157.
    S. Almaraz-Calderon et al., Phys. Rev. C 86, 025801 (2012)ADSGoogle Scholar
  158. 158.
    C.W. Arnold et al., Phys. Rev. C 85, 044605 (2012)ADSGoogle Scholar
  159. 159.
    T.D. Baldwin et al., Phys. Rev. C 86, 034330 (2012)ADSGoogle Scholar
  160. 160.
    D. Bazin et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3569 (1995)ADSGoogle Scholar
  161. 161.
    J. Tian et al., Phys. Rev. C 87, 014313 (2013)ADSGoogle Scholar
  162. 162.
    H.T. Fortune, Phys. Lett. B 718, 1342 (2013)ADSGoogle Scholar
  163. 163.
    I.O. Morales, A. Frank, Phys. Rev. C 83, 054309 (2011)ADSGoogle Scholar
  164. 164.
    M. Bao et al., Phys. Rev. C 88, 064325 (2013)ADSGoogle Scholar
  165. 165.
    Z. He et al., Phys. Rev. C 87, 057304 (2013)ADSGoogle Scholar
  166. 166.
    Y.Y. Cheng et al., Phys. Rev. C 91, 024313 (2015)ADSGoogle Scholar
  167. 167.
    S. Ettenauer et al., Phys. Rev. C 81, 024314 (2010)ADSGoogle Scholar
  168. 168.
    Y.H. Lam et al., At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 99, 680 (2013)ADSGoogle Scholar
  169. 169.
    M. MacCormic, G. Audi, Nucl. Phys. A 925, 61 (2014)ADSGoogle Scholar
  170. 170.
    G.T. Garvey, I. Kelson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 496 (1999)Google Scholar
  171. 171.
    G.T. Garvey et al., Rev. Mod. Phys. 41, S1 (1969)ADSGoogle Scholar
  172. 172.
    E. Comay, I. Kelson, A. Zidon, Phys. Lett. B 210, 21 (1988)ADSGoogle Scholar
  173. 173.
    D. Hove, A.S. Jensen, K. Riisager, Phys. Rev. C 88, 064329 (2013)ADSGoogle Scholar
  174. 174.
    N. Soić et al., Nucl. Phys. A 742, 271 (2004)ADSGoogle Scholar
  175. 175.
    Y.H. Lam, N. Smirnova, E. Caurier, EPJ Web of Conferences 66, 02061 (2014)Google Scholar
  176. 176.
    R.J. Charity et al., Phys. Rev. C 84, 051308 (2011)ADSGoogle Scholar
  177. 177.
  178. 178.
    R. Sher, H.T. Fortune, Phys. Rev. C 64, 064307 (2001)ADSGoogle Scholar
  179. 179.
    F.C. Barker, Phys. Rev. C 69, 024310 (2004)ADSGoogle Scholar
  180. 180.
    J.H. Kelley et al., Nucl. Phys. A 880, 88 (2012)ADSGoogle Scholar
  181. 181.
    K. Markenroth et al., Phys. Rev. C 62, 034308 (2000)ADSGoogle Scholar
  182. 182.
    R.G. Robertson, W.S. Chien, D.R. Goosman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 34, 33 (1975)ADSGoogle Scholar
  183. 183.
    A.G. Ledebuhr, Experimental studies of isobaric quintets, Dissertation, Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, 1982Google Scholar
  184. 184.
    M. Brodeur et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 212501 (2012)ADSGoogle Scholar
  185. 185.
    T. Teranishi et al., Phys. Lett. B 407, 110 (1997)ADSGoogle Scholar
  186. 186.
    R.J. Charity et al., Phys. Rev. C 86, 041207 (2012)Google Scholar
  187. 187.
    B. Jonson, Phys. Rep. 389, 1 (2004)ADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© SIF, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung GmbHDarmstadtGermany
  2. 2.Kurchatov InstituteMoscowRussia
  3. 3.Fundamental FysikChalmers Tekniska HögskolaGöteborgSweden

Personalised recommendations