Nucleon form factors and the BLAST experiment
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Measurements of the charge and magnetic form factors of the nucleon present a sensitive test of nucleon models and QCD-inspired theories. A precise knowledge of the neutron form factors at low Q2 is also essential to reduce the systematic errors of parity-violation experiments. At the MIT-Bates Linear Accelerator Center, the nucleon form factors have been measured by means of scattering of polarized electrons from vector-polarized hydrogen and deuterium. The experiment used the longitudinally polarized stored electron beam of the MIT-Bates South Hall Ring along with an isotopically pure, highly vector-polarized internal atomic hydrogen and deuterium target provided by an atomic beam source. The measurements have been carried out with the symmetric Bates Large-Acceptance Spectrometer Toroid (BLAST) with enhanced neutron detection capability.
PACS.25.30.-c Lepton-induced reactions 25.30.Rw Electroproduction reactions 29.25.-t Particle sources and targets 29.30.-h Spectrometers and spectroscopic techniques
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