Analyzing the Solar System abundance, we have found two universal scaling laws concerning the p- and s-nuclei with the same atomic number. They are evidence of the p-nucleus origin that has been discussed for long years. The first scaling is the correlation of the isotope abundances between a p-nucleus and an s-nucleus that is two neutron heavier than the p-nucleus. The abundance ratios of the s-nucleus to the p-nucleus are almost constant in a wide range of atomic numbers. This scaling indicates that the p-nucleus is dominantly produced from the s-nucleus by (γ, n) reactions in huge photon bath in supernova explosions. The second scaling indicates that the isotope abundance ratio between two p-nuclei with the same atomic number is almost unity. These two scalings are a new useful method to verify nucleosynthesis models for the p-process. We have calculated these ratios by a p-process nucleosynthesis based on a typical core-collapse supernova explosion model. The results are consistent with the scaling in the solar abundances. In addition, the scalings provide new concepts: a universality of the p-process, a rate meter for the s-process and a new nuclear cosmochronometer.
26.30.+k Nucleosynthesis in novae, supernovae and other explosive environments 98.80.Ft Origin, formation, and abundances of the elements 91.65.Dt Isotopic composition/chemistry