Experimental and theoretical screening energies for the 2H(d, p)3H reaction in metallic environments
The study of the 2H(d, p)3H reaction at very low energies in deuterized metallic targets provides a unique possibility to test models of the electron screening developed for dense astrophysical plasmas. Here, we compare the experimental screening energies obtained by our group as well as by other authors for different target materials with theoretical predictions based on an improved dielectric function theory. The calculations are performed within the self-consistent regime and include polarization of both quasi-free and bound electrons. Additionally, the cohesion screening, arising from different binding energies of deuterons and α-particles in crystal lattices, is taken into account. The proposed theory predicts only a weak material dependence of the screening energy in agreement with our experimental results but fails in the absolute strength of the effect by a factor of 2. The projectile-velocity dependence of the screening energy corresponding to the transition from the weak-screening regime to the strong-screening limit is discussed.
PACS.25.45.Hi Transfer reactions 95.30.Dr Atomic processes and interactions 95.30.-k Fundamental aspects of astrophysics
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