Integrated target-ion source unit for on-line production of radioactive short-lived isotopes
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A new version of integrated target-ion source unit (ionising target) has been developed for the on-line production of radioactive single-charged ions. The target is able to withstand temperatures up to 2500 °C and acts also as an ion source of the surface and laser ionisation. Off-line and on-line experiments with the ionising target, housing tantalum foils as a target material, have been carried out at the IRIS (Investigation of Radioactive Isotopes on Synchrocyclotron) facility. The off-line surface ionisation efficiency measured for stable atoms of Li, Rb and Cs was correspondingly 6% , 40% and 55% at the target temperature of 2000 °C and 3-10% for atoms of rare-earth elements Sm, Eu, Tm and Yb at a temperature of 2200 °C. The off-line measured values of the ionisation efficiency for stable Gd and Eu atoms by the laser beam ionisation inside the target were 1% and 7%, respectively. The radioactive beam intensities of neutron-deficient rare-earth nuclides from Eu to Lu produced by the integrated target-ion source unit have been measured at a temperature of 2500 °C. The results of the integrated target-ion source unit use for on-line laser resonance ionisation spectroscopy study of neutron-deficient Gd isotopes have been also presented.
PACS.25.40.Sc Spallation reactions 28.60.+s Isotope separation and enrichment 29.25.Ni Ion sources: positive and negative 29.25.Rm Sources of radioactive nuclei
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