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Development of High-Tech Business in Siberia: Constraints and Prospects

Abstract

The article evaluates the state of high-tech and knowledge-intensive business in the regions of the Siberian Federal District and identifies their development constraints and prospects. Approaches to defining high-tech business are compared. Estimates are given for the spatial and sectoral structure of high-tech and knowledge-intensive business. An outline is given of the challenges and opportunities for the development of high-tech manufacturers and service-providers. It is shown that the role of high-tech and knowledge-intensive business in Siberia remains low: they form less than 10% of the regional economy. The service economy, represented by high-tech services, is developing at a higher pace in Siberia: air transportation services come first, followed by high-tech industrial services and small high-tech processing companies. Large high-tech companies are dependent on the government strategy. A strong differentiation exists between the regions of the Siberian Federal District in terms of presence and development of high-tech business. Novosibirsk oblast, Krasnoyarsk krai, and Irkutsk oblast can be considered regional leaders in high-tech production. Empirical data confirms that the most favorable conditions for the development of the new economy exist in regions with advanced science and education.

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Correspondence to N. A. Kravchenko, S. A. Kuznetsova, A. T. Yusupova, S. R. Khalimova or N. P. Baldina.

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Russian Text © The Author(s), 2018, published in Region: Ekonomika i Sotsiologiya, 2018, No. 2 (98), pp. 168–193.

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Kravchenko, N.A., Kuznetsova, S.A., Yusupova, A.T. et al. Development of High-Tech Business in Siberia: Constraints and Prospects. Reg. Res. Russ. 9, 146–154 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1134/S2079970519020084

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1134/S2079970519020084

Keywords

  • high-tech and knowledge-intensive business
  • Siberian Federal District
  • Siberian regions