Regional Research of Russia

, Volume 5, Issue 2, pp 154–162 | Cite as

Demographic situation in Siberia in the context of nationwide trends

Population Geography
  • 39 Downloads

Abstract

The article examines the demographic situation in Siberia and Russia, which since 2006 following a long period of depopulation has been characterized by favorable demographic dynamics, i.e., growth in the birth rate, increasing life expectancy, and positive natural increase in population. These are only the first successful steps in overcoming the demographic crisis, however, since the birth rate, despite the positive trend, is still far from the figures of the late 1980s and, according to the data for Russia for 2012, is only 80% of the replacement level. The main obstacles to the increase in the birth rate are shown. It is stated that in order to eventually overcome the demographic crisis, the country’s target set for the family and demographic policy should be a family with three to four children. Such a family should receive the greatest economic and moral support from the state and society. One of the most important tasks of the Russian government is to solve modern family problems leading to the existence of the postponed birth phenomenon.

Keywords

Russia Siberian Federal District (SFD) demographic policy depopulation demographic potential life expectancy natural population increase desired and expected number of children 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Soboleva, S.V., Priorities and important directions of demographic policy in Siberia, Reg.: Ekon. Sotsiol., 2009, no. 2, pp. 83–95.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Vasil’eva, M., US Scientists: Russia is rapidly dying out. http://www.bbc.co.uk/russian/international/2010/08/100806_russia_demography_us_research.shtml. Cited January 31, 2014.
  3. 3.
    Meeting of the Council for National Projects and Demographic Policy (a shorthand). http://kremlin.ru/transcripts/17586. Cited January 31, 2014.
  4. 4.
    Perspektivy i riski razvitiya chelovecheskogo potentsiala v Sibiri (Prospects and Risks of Human Resource Development in Siberia), Kuleshov, V.V., Ed., Novosibirsk: Sib. Otd., Ross. Akad. Nauk, 2014.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Grigor’ev, Yu.A. and Soboleva, S.V., Modern state of reproductive health as a factor of birth rate decrease of the population in Siberia, Reg.: Ekon. Sotsiol., 2013, no. 2 (78), pp. 215–236.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Analytical report on the results of random observation of reproductive plans of the population. http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/2012/demo/orp.doc. Cited January 31, 2014.
  7. 7.
    Brief results of random observation “Family and Birth Rate.” http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/2010/family.htm. Cited January 31, 2014.
  8. 8.
    The families will receive more rights for use the maternal subsidy. http://izvestia.ru/news/558962. Cited January 31, 2014.

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Economics and Industrial Engineering, Siberian BranchRussian Academy of SciencesNovosibirskRussia

Personalised recommendations