Skip to main content
Log in

Species of the Brassicaceae Family in the Betpak-Dala Desert

  • Systematic Study of Arid Territories
  • Published:
Arid Ecosystems Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

A list of species from the family Brassicaceae Burnett was compiled based on the identification of herbarium samples collected in the Betpak-Dala desert in May 2014, a critical revision of the materials of Herbariums (AA and LE), and consideration of the literature data, The inclusion of some species (Matthiola robusta Bunge, Isatis violascens Bunge, I. maxima Pavl., etc.) in this list is discussed in more detail. The gen-eral list of Brassicaceae comprises 80 species. Eight species (10%) grow only in disturbed areas. These species, which are uncommon in the natural flora of the Betpak-Dala desert, were excluded from the analyzed list at the first stage of analysis. The final list for analysis included 72 species combined in 36 genera. The following genera proved to have the largest number of species in accordance with the study of the taxonomical compo-sition of Brassicaceae: Lepidium—13 (18%), Strigosella—6 (8%), and Alyssum—5 (7%). The classification of species into different vital forms revealed the indisputable dominance of annual plants (42 species), which are mostly ephemers (28 species). The analysis of the preference given by Brassicaceae to different edaphic variants showed that the majority of species prefer pelitophytic substrates. Only a few of them prefer hemi-petrophytic substrates. Of the 53 species growing on salinized substrates, 29 were found on alkaline soils and 24 were found on saline soils. It was shown that most species from the family Brassicaceae grow in either nat-ural undisturbed or weakly and moderately disturbed phytocenoses. Among the secondary (anthropophy-lous) habitats of species from the family Brassicaceae, agricultural lands (crops) are most preferred. In these habitats, 25 species of the general list of Brassicaceae in the Betpak-Dala desert were recorded.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  • Botanicheskaya geografiya Kazakhstana i Srednei Azii (v predelakh pustynnoi oblasti) (Botanical Geography of Kazakhstan and Central Asia within the Desert Region), Rachkovskaya, E.I., Volkova, E.A., and Khramtsov, V.N., Eds., St. Petersburg: Boston-Spektr, 2003.

  • Bykov, B.A., Geobotanika (Geobotany), Almaty: Nauka, 1978.

    Google Scholar 

  • Cherepanov, S.K., Sosudistye rasteniya Rossii i sopre-del’nykh gosudarstv (v predelakh byvshego SSSR) (Vas-cular Plants of Russian and Adjacent Former USSR Countries), St. Petersburg: Mir i Sem’ya, 1995.

    Google Scholar 

  • Flora Kazakhstana (Flora of Kazakhstan), Almaty: Nauka, 1961, vol. 4, pp. 171–339.

  • Flora SSSR (Flora of the Soviet Union), Moscow: Akad. Nauk SSSR, 1939, vol. 8, pp. 14–606.

  • Illyustrirovannyi opredelitel’ rastenii Kazakhstana (Illus-trated Guide for Identification of the Plants of Kazakh-stan), Almaty: Nauka, 1969, vol. 1.

  • Illyustrirovannyi opredelitel’ rastenii Kazakhstana (Illus-trated Guide for Identification of the Plants of Kazakh-stan), Almaty: Nauka, 1972, vol. 2.

  • Korovin, E.P., The history of development of vegetation in Central Asia. I. Betpak-Dala desert, Byull. Sredneaziat. Agrar. Gos. Univ., 1935, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 183–218.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kubanskaya, Z.V., Rastitel’nost’ i kormovye resursy pustyni Betpak-Dala (Vegetation and Fodder Resources of the Betpak-Dala Desert), Almaty: Akad. Nauk Kazakh. SSR, 1956.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kurochkina, L.Ya., Makulbekova, G.B., and Shabanova, L.V., Smeny pustynnoi i subal’piiskoi rastitel’nosti pri past-bishchnom ispol’zovanii (The Shifts of Desert and Sub-alpine Vegetation at the Pasture Use), Almaty: Nauka, 1982, pp. 5–25.

    Google Scholar 

  • Opredelitel’ rastenii Srednei Azii (Guide for Identification of the Plants of Central Asia), Tashkent: Fan, 1974, vol. 4, pp. 34–217.

  • Veselova, P.V., Distribution and ecology of Matthiola fra-grans Bunge in Kazakhstan, Vestn. Kazakh. Nats. Univ., Ser.: Ekol., 2009, no. 3(26), pp. 11–14.

    Google Scholar 

  • Veselova, P.V., Taxonomy of the members of genus Isatis L. (Brassicaceae Burnett) in Northern turan, Poisk, 2010, no. 2, pp. 75–77.

    Google Scholar 

  • Veselova, P.V., Rare species of fam. Brassicaceae Burnett in Northern Turan required the protection, Vestn. Astrakh. Gos. Univ., Estestv. Nauki, 2012, no. 2 (39), pp. 9–13.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to P. V. Veselova.

Additional information

Original Russian Text © P.V. Veselova, 2016, published in Aridnye Ekosistemy, 2016, Vol. 22, No. 1(66), pp. 31–37.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Veselova, P.V. Species of the Brassicaceae Family in the Betpak-Dala Desert. Arid Ecosyst 6, 27–31 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1134/S2079096116010054

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1134/S2079096116010054

Keywords

Navigation