Advertisement

Advances in Gerontology

, Volume 9, Issue 3, pp 366–372 | Cite as

Social Deprivation of Persons Older Than Working Age in Terms of Causes of Death Which Require Forensic Medical Examination

  • A. N. Edeleva
  • N. S. Edelev
  • T. P. SabgaidaEmail author
  • S. V. Ryazantsev
Article
  • 4 Downloads

Abstract

The article analyzes the structure of forensic medical examinations of persons older than working age and its change during the period of improving social and economic conditions in the country. Persons whose causes of death are determined by forensic medical examination are considered as a deviant group of people who did not adapt to changing socio-cultural conditions and to age changes. This is manifested in the causes and circumstances of death (external causes, death at home without witnesses, death on street or in hospital without examination). The information on 72 324 forensic examinations of elderly residents in the Nizhny Novgorod oblast for 2003–2017 is analyzed. It is done in terms of sex, residency in the oblast center or in rural areas, and age group (advanced age: 60–74 years for men and 55–74 years for women; senile age: 75–84 years; age of longevity: 85 years and older). It is shown that the size of the deviant group of retirees is increasing, and this increase is not a consequence only of the population aging. The contribution of loneliness to the formation of the deviant group exceeds the contribution of socioeconomic disadvantages: no correlation is found between the frequency of forensic examinations and the mortality from causes related to alcohol; from 2003 to 2017, the share of external causes of death and the proportion of corpses taken for examination from the street decreased. The structure of external and somatic causes of death of persons older than working age that are established during forensic medical research is determined by age, place of residence, as well as social and economic situations in the oblast, which changed over the period studied in direction of reducing differences.

Keywords:

structure of forensic medical examinations deviant group of persons older than working age place of origin of corpse delivery proportion of non-violent causes of death access to care for persons older than working age 

Notes

COMPLIANCE WITH ETHICAL STANDARDS

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest. This article does not contain any studies involving animals or human participants performed by any of the authors.

REFERENCES

  1. 1.
    Zgurskaya, E.N., Re-socialization of people of the third age as a sociocultural problem, Vestn. S.-Peterb. Gos. Univ. Kul’t. Iskusstv, 2016, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 172–174.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Iudin, A.a., Sotsial’nye transformatsii, ekonomicheskie ustanovki naseleniya i massovoe politicheskoe soznanie (1988–1999 gg.) (Social Transformations, Economic Prescriptions of Population, and Mass Political Consciousness (1988–1999)), Nizhny Novgorod, 1999.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Korsakova, N.K., Late-age neuropsychology: concept justification and applied aspects, Vestn. Mosk. Univ., Ser. 14: Psikhol., 1996, no. 2, pp. 32–37.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Makushkin, E.V. and Pishchikova, L.E., Aspects of evolutivity and involutivity in the late-age ontogenesis, Ross. Psikhiatr. Zh., 2013, no. 2, pp. 50–57.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Matsukevich, O.Yu., Socio-cultural re-socialization of the elderly people, Vestn. Kemer. Gos. Univ. Kul’t. Iskusstv, 2012, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 203–207.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Mendelevich, V.D. and Solov’eva, S.L., Nevrozologiya i psikhosomaticheskaya meditisna (Neurosology and Psychosomatic Medicine), Moscow: Gorodets, 2016.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Approval of the Action Plan in the interests of senior citizens in the Russian Federation until 2025. http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_ 193464/. Accessed July 13, 2018.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Obukhova, L.F., Obukhova, O.B., and Shapovalenko, I.V., Biology and psychology of aging, Psikhol. Nauka Obraz., 2003, no. 3, pp. 25–33.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Osukhova, N.G., A person in a difficult life situation: phenomenology and psychological help, Materialy I i II nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii “Chelovek v trudnoi zhiznennoi situatsii,” 24 dekabrya 2003 g. i 8 dekabrya 2004 g. (Proc. I and II Sci.-Pract. Conf. “A Man in Difficult Life Situation,” December 24, 2003 and December 8, 2004), Petrova, E.A., Ed., Moscow: Ross. Gos. Sots. Univ., 2004, pp. 55–58.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Pozhilye lyudi: sotsial’naya politika i razvitiya sotaial’nykh uslug (Older People: Social Policy and Development of Social Service), Degaeva, N.S. and Sabitova, G.V., Eds., Moscow: Gos. Nauchno-Issled. Inst. Sem’i Vospitaniya, 2003, no. 4.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Sapogova, E.E., Existential-psychological analysis of old age, Kul’t.-Istor. Psikhol., 2011, no. 3, pp. 75–81.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Semenova, V.G., Antonova, O.I., Evdokushkina, G.N., and Gavrilova, N.S., Population losses in Russia in 2000–2008 due to alcohol abuse: scope, structure, and trends, Sots. Aspekty Zdorov. Naseleniya, 2010, vol. 14, no. 2. http://vestnik.mednet.ru/content/view/188/30/lang,ru/. Accessed July 13, 2018.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Stuart-Hamilton, I., The Psychology of Ageing: An Introduction, London: Jessica Kingsley, 1991.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Shagidaeva, A.B., Emotional aspects of old age: age-related and regional differences, Psikhol. Nauka Obraz., 2014, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 102–115.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Shakhmatov, N.F., Starenie. Norma i patologiya. Psikhologiya starosti: Khrestomatiya (Aging: Norms and Pathology. Psychology of Old Age: Chrestomathy), Raigorodskii, D.Ya., Ed., Samara: BAKhRAKh-M, 2004, pp. 228–322.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Shchukina, N.P., The image of an elderly person in the representation of the older generation and social workers, in Sotsial’naya politika sotsial’nogo gosudarstva (Social Policy of the Social State), Saralieva, Z.Kh., Ed., Nizhny Novgorod: Nauchno-Issled. Sotsiol. Tsentr, 2002, pp. 411–412.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. N. Edeleva
    • 1
  • N. S. Edelev
    • 2
  • T. P. Sabgaida
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  • S. V. Ryazantsev
    • 3
  1. 1.Federal Research Institute for Health Organization and InformaticsMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Privolzhsky Research Medical UniversityNizhny NovgorodRussia
  3. 3.Institute of Socio-Political Research, Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations