Inorganic Materials: Applied Research

, Volume 10, Issue 5, pp 1177–1184 | Cite as

Composite Binders for Concretes with Improved Impact Endurance

  • R. S. FediukEmail author
  • A. V. MochalovEmail author
  • D. N. PezinEmail author
  • Yu. L. Liseitsev


The chemical engineering principles of optimization of the physical and mechanical properties and performance characteristics of dispersed reinforced composite materials are proposed which consist in the integrated effect of a composite binder consisting of jointly ground Portland cement, rice husk ash, a complex of inert fillers, and a hyperplasticizer on the processes of structure formation of cement stone. Here, the effect of increasing the impact endurance increases up to sixfold. It is found that dispersed reinforced concretes with an increased ratio of static tensile strength to static compressive strength Rtens/Rcompr and ductility possess the best endurance to dynamic action. It is proved that this ratio can be increased by using dispersed reinforcement of concretes (so-called fibrous concretes). In experimental studies on penetration of both unreinforced and fiber-reinforced concrete slabs, it is noted that samples of unreinforced concrete are completely fractured into large and small pieces, while samples of fiber-reinforced concrete are not completely fractured, and only through penetration at the impact site was observed; that is, fibrous concrete possesses better impact resistance. These results can be applied to the design of various special structures, such as defense structures of civil defense and emergency situations, fortifications of the Russian Ministry of Defense, and concrete structures of nuclear power plants.


binder cement rice husk ash limestone hyperplasticizer quartz sand fibrous concrete impact endurance 



  1. 1.
    Abrishambaf, A., Pimentel, M., and Nunes, S., Influence of fibre orientation on the tensile behavior of ultra-high performance fibre reinforced cementitious composites, Cem. Concr. Res., 2017, vol. 97, pp. 28–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Yoo, D.-Y. and Banthia, N., Mechanical properties of ultrahigh-performance fiber-reinforced concrete: A review, Cem. Concr. Res., 2016, vol. 73, pp. 267–280.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Yoo, D.-Y., Banthia, N., and Yoon, Y.-S., Predicting service deflection of ultra-high-performance fiber-reinforced concrete beams reinforced with GFRP bars, Composites, Part B, 2016, vol. 99, pp. 381–397.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Yang, J.-M., Shin, H.-O., and Yoo, D.-Y., Benefits of using amorphous metallic fibers in concrete pavement for long-term performance, Arch. Civ. Mech. Eng., 2017, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 750–760.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Beton. Spravochnik (Concrete: Handbook), Komokhov, P.G., Ed., St. Petersburg: Professional, 2009, vol. 2.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Komokhov, P.G., Mechanical and energy aspects of hydration, hardening, and durability of cement stone, Tsement, 1987, no. 2, pp. 20–22.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Babkov, V.V., Polak, A.F., and Komokhov, P.G., Durability of cement stone, Tsement, 1988, no. 3, pp. 14–16.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Loganina, V.I. and Kruglova, A.N., Reliability of control in the production of concrete, Vestn. Belgorod. Gos. Tekh. Univ. im. V.G. Shukhova, 2011, no. 4, pp. 21–26.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Zolotukhina, N.V. and Lukuttsova, N.P., Prospective use of industrial waste from Moldova for the production of construction materials, Trudy natsional’noi konferentsii “Aktual’nye voprosy tekhniki, nauki, tekhnologii” (Proc. Natl. Conf. “Relevant Problems of Equipment, Science, and Technology”), Tsublova, E.G., Ed., 2019, pp. 350–353.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Lesovik, V.S., Construction materials: present and future, Vestn. Mosk. Gos. Stroit. Univ., 2017, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 9–16.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Lesovik, V.S., Strokova, V.V., Krivenkova, A.N., and Khodykin, E.I., Composite binder using siliceous rocks, Vestn. Belgorod. Gos. Tekh. Univ. im. V.G. Shukhova, 2009, no. 1, pp. 25–27.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Fediuk, R., Smoliakov, A., and Stoyushko, N., Increase in composite binder activity, IOP Conf. Ser.: Mater. Sci. Eng., 2016, vol. 156, no. 1, p. 012042.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Fediuk, R.S., Mechanical activation of construction binder materials by various mills, IOP Conf. Ser.: Mater. Sci. Eng., 2016, vol. 125, no. 1, p. 012019.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Fedyuk, R.S., Lesovik, V.S., Svintsov, A.P., Mochalov, A.V., Kulichkov, S.V., Stoyushko, N.Y., Gladkova, N.A., and Timokhin, R.A., Self-compacting concrete using pretreatmented rice husk ash, Mag. Civ. Eng., 2018, vol. 3, pp. 66–76. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Code CEB/FIPM, Paris: Comite Euro-Int. Beton, 1993, pp. 213–214.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Training Military Center, Far Eastern Federal UniversityVladivostokRussia

Personalised recommendations