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Polydora websteri—A Commensal of Anadara kagoshimensis in the Azov-Black Sea Region

Abstract

The occurrence of polychaete borers was recorded from the alien clam Anadara kagoshimensis (Tokunaga, 1906) at Chushka Spit near Port Kavkaz in January 2020. On the basis of morphological analysis, the polychaetes were identified as Polydora websteri Hartman in Loosanoff & Engle, 1943, alien to the Azov-Black Sea basin. This species was recorded for the first time from coastal waters of Romania on carbonate rocks in 1997 and, subsequently, coastal areas of Sevastopol and Lake Donuzlav in oysters Crassostrea gigas (Thunberg, 1793) in 2009 and 2019. Polydora websteri was not previously recorded from the Kerch Strait and the Sea of Azov. This is the first report of its occurrence in Anadara kagoshimensis in the Azov-Black Sea region, which is an invasion area for both species.

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ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

We are grateful to S.B. Kuklev, director of the Southern Branch of the Institute of Oceanology, for the assistance with activity management.

Funding

This work was accomplished as a part of the State Assignment to the Institute of Oceanology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, no. 0149-2019-0008, “The Marine and Oceanic Ecosystems Exposed to Climate Change and Anthropogenic Impact: Structure and Biological Productivity of the Arctic Ocean Ecosystem and Russian Seas, Ecosystems and Potential Biological Resources of the Midocean”; the Southern Branch of Institute of Oceanology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, no. 149-2019-0014, “Natural Marine Systems of the Black Sea and Sea of Azov: Evolution and Modern Dynamics of Hydrophysical, Hydrochemical, Biological, Coastal, and Lythodynamic Processes”; and the Federal Research Center, Institute of Biology of the Southern Seas of the Russian Academy of Sciences, no. 121030100028-0, “Regularities in the Formation and Anthropogenic Transformation of Biodiversity and Bioresources of the Azov-Black Sea Basin and Other Regions of the World Ocean.”

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Correspondence to V. L. Syomin, G. A. Kolyuchkina, M. D. Ptushkin, V. A. Timofeev or U. V. Simakova.

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Translated by E. Kuznetsova

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Syomin, V.L., Kolyuchkina, G.A., Ptushkin, M.D. et al. Polydora websteri—A Commensal of Anadara kagoshimensis in the Azov-Black Sea Region. Russ J Biol Invasions 12, 309–316 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1134/S2075111721030139

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Keywords:

  • Anadara kagoshimensis
  • Polydora websteri
  • polychaete borers
  • commensal
  • new host
  • range expansion
  • Kerch Strait
  • Black Sea